LJ2- Airplane parts and systems

Systems and airplane parts 
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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMBOStudiejaar 2

This lesson contains 25 slides, with interactive quiz, text slides and 2 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 60 min

Items in this lesson

Systems and airplane parts 

Slide 1 - Slide

Lesson goals
  • You can name all the outer parts of an airplane and describe their function.
  • You can give a description of different tasks of an airplane mechanic.
  • Practice descriptive vocabulary

Slide 2 - Slide

How satisfied are you with your current speaking skills in English?

Slide 3 - Poll

Two truths and a lie
To start, one person has to give three statements about themselves to the rest of the group. 

  • The trick is: all the statements won't be true‚ÄĒtwo of the statements given should be and one should be a lie. 
  • After you're finished, everyone should guess which statement they think you made up.

  • Once you're done, you must nominate the next person, and it is then their turn to give two truths and a lie

Slide 4 - Slide

Exercise 1: Listening
  • Later on, you will have to name all the outer parts of an airplane.
  • Before you do that, watch the video of a pilot who‚Äôs doing a pre-flight check.
  • Go to www.edpuzzle.com
  • Watch ‚ÄėAirbusA320 OUTSIDE CHECK explained by CAPTAIN JOE‚Äô
  • Answer all the questions
  • Or 
  • Go to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tOwE_eQY_uE&t=231s 
  • Watch the video and answer the questions in your reader!!


Slide 5 - Slide

Exercise 1: Listening
1. Which statement is true?
A. Pilots can choose to do the exterior walk-around if they suspect the plane is damaged or has leakages.
B. Pilots are obligated to do the exterior walk-around.
2. What is obligated when you perform the exterior walk-around check?
A. The high visibility vest
B. The ear protection
3. Why is it important to immediately inform the airport authorities when there is ice on your wings?
A. If you don’t you will have to wait till the other airplanes have been de-iced.
B. It takes a long time to de-ice the wings.

Slide 6 - Slide

Exercise 1: Listening
4. Why is it important to not use an umbrella for external walk arounds?
A. The umbrella could damage the exterior of the plane.
B. The umbrella could touch the static ports and could leave debris
C. The umbrella could be sucked into the equipment inlet valve and damage it.
5. Why is it important that the nose gear safety pin is removed?
A. Otherwise, the landing gear won’t retract when the plane takes off.
B. Otherwise, the landing gear will get damaged when you try to retract it during take-off.
6. What are you looking for when you check the nose radome?
A. bird strikes, cracks, debris, lightning strikes, and check whether the latches are securely fastened.
B. If the latches are securely fastened and you look for cracks, bird strikes or lightening burn marks.

Slide 7 - Slide

Exercise 1: Listening
7. Why do you give the motor blades a spin?
A. To see if none of the blades are bend.
B. To check whether they don’t make a weird sound.
8. Why should the aileron be down?
A. Then you know that the mechanism can be moved.
B. There shouldn’t be any hydraulic pressure.
9. Which two parts are often damaged due to small rocks and gravel?
A. Horizontal stabilizer and elevator.
B. The top of the fuselage.

Slide 8 - Slide

Exercise 1: Listening
10. Do you need to make sure as a pilot that all the panels are closed?
A. Yes
B. No
11. What do you need to do as a pilot when something is broken?
A. Write everything down in the logbook
B. Call a certified mechanic for help.

Slide 9 - Slide

Exercise 2: Can you name all the parts of an airplane? 
Can you still name all the parts of an airplane and describe their function?

  • Go to exercise 2
  •  name all the different parts of the airplane
  • Give a description of the function of the part in ENGLISH


Slide 10 - Slide

Exercise 2: Answers
1. Angle of Airflow Sensor (2 locations) = The angle of airflow (AOA) sensor for each system provides a signal which represents airplane angle of attack. The sensors are located on the outside of the fuselage below each pilot's side window. Each sensor consists of an aerodynamic vane which pivots to position three internal synchro transmitters.

2. Leading-edge slats = Slats are aerodynamic surfaces on the leading edge of the wings of fixed-wing aircraft which, when deployed, allow the wing to operate at a higher angle of attack. . Slats are one of several high-lift devices used on airliners, such as flap systems running along the trailing edge of the wing.
3. Wing upper surface = helps to create lift.

Slide 11 - Slide

4. Spoilers = In aeronautics, a spoiler (sometimes called a lift spoiler or lift dumper) is a device intended to intentionally reduce the lift component of an airfoil in a controlled way. Most often, spoilers are plates on the top surface of a wing that can be extended upward into the airflow to spoil it.

5. Fuselage = The fuselage, or body of the airplane, is a long hollow tube that holds all the pieces of an airplane together. The fuselage is hollow to reduce weight.
6. Vertical stabilizer = The stabilizers' job is to provide stability for the aircraft, to keep it flying straight. The vertical stabilizer keeps the nose of the plane from swinging from side to side, which is called yaw.

Slide 12 - Slide

7. Rudder = A rudder is a primary control surface used to steer a ship, boat, submarine, hovercraft, aircraft, or other conveyance that moves through a fluid medium (generally air or water). On an aircraft the rudder is used primarily to counter adverse yaw and p-factor and is not the primary control used to turn the airplane.

8. APU exhaust = An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion. Your exhaust system begins at the engine with the purpose of removing toxic gases and fumes from your vehicle. 
9. Elevator = Elevators are flight control surfaces, usually at the rear of an aircraft, which control the aircraft's pitch, and therefore the angle of attack and the lift of the wing. The elevators are usually hinged to the tail of the plane or horizontal stabilizer.

Slide 13 - Slide

Exercise 2: Answers
10. Horizontal Stabilizer = At the rear of the fuselage of most aircraft one finds a horizontal stabilizer and an elevator. The stabilizer is a fixed wing section whose job is to provide stability for the aircraft, to keep it flying straight. The horizontal stabilizer prevents up-and-down, or pitching, motion of the aircraft nose.

11. APU inlet = An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion.
12. Trailing edge flaps = Flaps are usually mounted on the wing trailing edges of a fixed-wing aircraft. Flaps are used for extra lift on take-off. Flaps also cause an increase in drag in mid-flight, so they are retracted when not needed.

Slide 14 - Slide

13. Aileron = Ailerons can be used to generate a rolling motion for an aircraft. Ailerons are small hinged sections on the outboard portion of a wing. Ailerons usually work in opposition: as the right aileron is deflected upward, the left is deflected downward, and vice versa.

14. Wing tip = Winglets reduce wingtip vortices, the twin tornados formed by the difference between the pressure on the upper surface of an airplane's wing and that on the lower surface. High pressure on the lower surface creates a natural airflow that makes its way to the wingtip and curls upward around it.
15. Engine intake = An intake or (for aircraft) inlet is an opening on a car or aircraft body capturing air for operation of an internal combustion engine. ‚Ķ An ideal intake system should increase the velocity of the air until it travels into the combustion chamber, while minimizing turbulence and restriction of flow.

Slide 15 - Slide

16. Static ports (both sides) = The static port is a small air inlet, usually located on the side of the aircraft, flush against the fuselage. The static port measures static (non-moving) air pressure, which is also known as ambient pressure or barometric pressure.
17. Pitot tubes = A pitot (/ňąpiňźto ä/ PEE-toh) tube, also known as pitot probe, is a flow measurement device used to measure fluid flow velocity. ‚Ķ It is widely used to determine the airspeed of an aircraft.
18. Static ports (both sides) = see description above.
19. Radome = A radome (which is a portmanteau of radar and dome) is a structural, weatherproof enclosure that protects a radar antenna. ‚Ķ When found on fixed-wing aircraft with forward-looking radar, as are commonly used for object or weather detection, the nose cones often additionally serve as radomes.

Slide 16 - Slide

Slide 17 - Slide

Speaking Handout
To prepare you for the speaking test. 
You'll get a handout to help you practice certain sentence structure. 

Slide 18 - Slide

Slide 19 - Video

Slide 20 - Video

Exercise 4: Speaking
Work together in pairs. This is the assignment:
  • Look at the pictures below
  •  Spread all the pictures out in front of you on the table
  • One of you will describe a picture, the other person has to guess which picture you are describing
  • Your partner only gets one guess when it comes to picking the correct picture that you are describing
  • The person describing the pictures can also get a point (see the conditions below).
  • Helpline! Look at the vocabulary words of week 6. They will help you speak.

Slide 21 - Slide

Exercise 4: Speaking
One of you will describe a picture, the other person has to guess which picture you are describing (this person only gets to guess once)
  • The person describing the pictures can also get a point (see the conditions below).

The person who is speaking will get one point if he or she:
  • Can describe what the mechanic is doing (which action the mechanic is performing)
  • He or she can name the component or part of the aircraft the mechanic is working on.
  • He or she can name the function of the component or part of the aircraft that is being fixed.
  • He or she can name once consequence if the part or component doesn‚Äôt get fixed.

Slide 22 - Slide

Slide 23 - Link

Slide 24 - Link

Slide 25 - Slide