In deze les zitten 23 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.
Onderdelen in deze les
Chapter 6: Late Middle Ages
6.1: Pope against emperor
6.3 Development of new cities
Slide 1 - Tekstslide
Question 1: Who is the Pope?
Slide 2 - Open vraag
Question 2: What was the feudal system?
Slide 3 - Open vraag
Power in Late Middle Ages
People in the Middle Ages believed that all power was granted to kings and lords by God. Kings received secular power Popes received spiritual power
Slide 4 - Tekstslide
The power to control a certain region was granted by a lord. The vassal would often keep it in the family and would grant it to his oldest son when he died. This is called hereditary --> This wasn't exactly what the lord wanted of course...
Slide 5 - Tekstslide
Were often chosen by kings to become their vassals. And also appointed to become bishop. Questions: 1) Why did kings/lords do this? 2) Who might have been mad because of this?
Slide 6 - Tekstslide
Conflict between the Pope and the king.
According to the popes the spiritual world was superior to the secular world. (Soul is more important than the body) .
In reality religious and state matters often became mixed. Led to conflicts between popes and lords.
11th century major argument between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and the pope Gregory VII: Investiture Controversy.
Slide 7 - Tekstslide
Conflict between pope and kings
Investiture means the ability to appoint and install bishops. Fight between emperor and pope.
1122 Concordat of Worms.
Only pope could appoint bishops, but lords could give them political power.
Strict divide between between government of the Church and government of the empire.
Slide 8 - Tekstslide
6.3: Development of new cities 5.1 New cities
Slide 9 - Tekstslide
If you think about cities in the Middle Ages, what did they look like?
Slide 10 - Open vraag
Slide 11 - Tekstslide
Try to think of a reason why it was possible to move back to the cities at the start of the Late Middle Ages (1000 AD)
Slide 12 - Open vraag
Why could more food lead to the growth of cities / urbanisation?
Slide 13 - Open vraag
Slide 14 - Tekstslide
Heavy iron plow
Slide 15 - Tekstslide
Craftsmen and guilds
In the cities, people started to trade all kinds of products.
Other people started to learn a craft. They specialised in different areas. For instance, blacksmithing, leatherworking, shoemaking, baker, carpenter.
To make things easier for new craftsmen, they often gathered in guilds. Guilds were associations of people who had the same job.
Slide 16 - Tekstslide
Slide 17 - Tekstslide
Slide 18 - Tekstslide
Slide 19 - Tekstslide
5.2: City Rights
Most cities were under the rule of a lord, who, in return, was under the rule of the king.
--> Cities grew to large proportions. Rulers wanted more influence and power
Slide 20 - Tekstslide
Burghers (free people) wanted something in return for paying high taxes. --> Lords and burghers came to an agreement --> Cities received city rights
Slide 21 - Tekstslide
Examples of city rights
Right to organise markets
Right to build city walls
Right to collect money from merchants
Right to punish criminals
Right to produce their own currency/coins
Right to store goods and sell them without permission of the lord.
Slide 22 - Tekstslide
Low countries lords still hold control by:
Appointing a schout (representative of the lord) --> He kept everything in check and was announced leader of the schepenen.
Appointing Schepenen --> Group of people that controlled the city. --> Tasks like solving crimes / judging criminals / collecting taxes etc.