Nobles ruled and managed their fiefs, given to them by their lord.
The house in which the nobleman and his family lived was called the manor house (see picture). Sometimes it was a big house, sometimes it was more like a castle.
The land surrounding the manor house was called the manor.
The manor was made up of two parts:
A. a part on which the lord lived.
This included a church and several workshops like a mill, blacksmith or brewery to make beer.
B. a part on which peasants lived, also known as the domain.
The peasants lived in a village, surrounded by farmland.
Look at the next slide to see A and B
The fields and land used for the grazing of animals lay outside these lands. Further away were forests and barren lands, such as marshlands. These were used to collect wood and to develop into farmland.