TTO1 - History (Bricks) - Late Middle Ages

Chapter 6: Late Middle Ages
6.3 Development of new cities
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 18 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.

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Chapter 6: Late Middle Ages
6.3 Development of new cities

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

If you think about cities in the Middle Ages, what did they look like?

Slide 2 - Open vraag

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Try to think of a reason why it was possible to move back to the cities at the start of the Late Middle Ages (1000 AD)

Slide 4 - Open vraag

Why could more food lead to the growth of cities / urbanisation?

Slide 5 - Open vraag

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Heavy iron plow

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Craftsmen and guilds
  • In the cities, people started to trade all kinds of products
  • Other people started to learn a craft. They specialised in different areas. For instance, blacksmithing, leatherworking, shoemaking, baker, carpenter.
  • To make things easier for new craftsmen, they often gathered in guilds. Guilds were associations of people who had the same job. 

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Trade networks
Hanseatic League = Alliance of 
trading cities along the North Sea 
and Baltic Sea.
  • Used cogs (ships)
  • Hering, wood, hides and grain 
from Baltic areas
  • Wool en linen from Engeland
  • Important Dutch Hanseatic cities: Deventer, 
Kampen, Harderwijk, Zutphen and Zwolle.

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Trade networks
Advantages of the Hanseatic League
  • When cogs sailed in groups they were better protected against pirates
  • Lower tolls
  • Firm agreements with suppliers (monopoly). No trading with merchants that weren't members of the Hanseatic League.

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Slide 13 - Video

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

City Rights
Most cities were under the rule of a lord, who, in return, was under the rule of the king. 

--> Cities grew to large proportions. Rulers wanted more influence and power

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

City Rights
Burghers (free people) wanted something in return for paying high taxes. 
--> Lords and burghers came to an agreement 
--> Cities received city rights 

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Examples of city rights
  • Right to organise markets
  • Right to build city walls
  • Right to collect money from merchants
  • Right to punish criminals
  • Right to produce their own currency/coins
  • Right to store goods and sell them without permission of the lord.

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Low countries lords still hold control by:
  • Appointing a schout (representative of the lord) 
    --> He kept everything in check and was announced leader of the schepenen. 
  • Appointing Schepenen
    --> Group of people that controlled the city. 
    --> Tasks like solving crimes / judging criminals / collecting taxes etc.

Slide 18 - Tekstslide