the first farmers 1.2

Memo year 1 HV
H1. The time of hunters and farmers
section 1.2  The first farmers
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
Middelbare school

In deze les zitten 17 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

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Memo year 1 HV
H1. The time of hunters and farmers
section 1.2  The first farmers

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Learning objectives
  • You can  describe what the agricultural revolution involved
  • You can give some possible explanations for the switch from hunting and gathering to agriculture
  • You can explain what economic, social and cultural changes resulted from the agricultural revolution.

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

An important discovery
For centuries people lived on hunting and gathering as means of existence.
Around 9000 BC all this started to change
Some hunters-gathrers started growing their own crops: arable farming
First, people just put a few cereal grains in the soil, later they started weeding, and watering plants as well.

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

The first people who took up farming lived in the Middle East.
That was where another new development started thousands of years later: keeping animals.

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

The earliest farmers still went hunting as well, but gradually these people managed to tame some animals, such as cows, goats, sheep and pigs. The livestock provided them with milk, meat and wool. This was the start of livestock farming

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

An important discovery
Arable farming and livestock farming: agraculture.
Transition to agriculture is one of the most imporatnt changes in the existence of mankind. 
Therefore: agricultural revolution.

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Where did the first farmers live?
Choose the correct letter.
Middle East

Slide 8 - Quizvraag

What is livestock?
choose the correct letter.
growing crops
keeping animals

Slide 9 - Quizvraag

Why do you think hunters-gatherers changed to agriculture?
Think of 1 reason.

Slide 10 - Open vraag

Causes for agriculture
Farmers had to work harder than hunters-gatherers. So why did they change to agriculture?
Transition to agriculture in 3 fases:
  1. In the Middle East, 10.000 jaar BC, the climate changed--> more and more food available in nature and hunters-gatherers no longer needed to move around: less tiring.

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Causes agriculture
2. 1000 years later started experimenting with agriculture. They learned more and more about plants and animals

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Causes for agriculture
3. Agriculture became essential to stay alive. 
There was more food available--> population growth --> need even more food --> agriculture became even more important
Agriculture started in the Middle East, all kinds of wild cereal species and beans grew in this area that were well suited for groeing as crops. A lot of animals lived here that could easily be tamed as well.

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

The transition from hunting-gathering to farming had big consequences
Think of 1.

Slide 14 - Open vraag

Big consequences
  • Permanent place to live.
  • population growth and accumulating more wealth: Economy
  • Social differences
  • Cultural change

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Big consequences
  • Agriculture was not always healthy for humans. Livestock diseases could infect humans more easily, because they they lived with their animals. What is more, farmers only grew a few crops and had a less varied diet. 

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Slide 17 - Tekstslide