Lesson 8 - context clues

Welcome to English class!
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolvmbo tLeerjaar 2

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time-iconLesduur is: 5 min

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Welcome to English class!

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Today we are going to...

- repeat the grammar: comparatives & superlatives.
- practise our reading skills.

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Lesson goals
At the end of this class...
  • you can compare things in English.
  • you know the 4 types of context clues and how to use them.

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Look back at the previous lesson
So, what have we learned last lesson?

& superlatives

When do we add -er & -est ?
When do we add more and most?

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This is a colourful umbrella.

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I have a bad day.

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This perfume smells nice.

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Homework check

- Page 30
- Exercise 29

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Let's practise one more time!
  • Page 31
  • Exercise 31, 32 & 33
  • Do these exercises on your own!

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You don't want to hang out with Alex, unless you want to hear him talk about himself. He's so conceited.​

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Context clues
Context clues are hints to help readers understand unfamiliar words. The hints may be within the sentence or paragraph. By using context clues, you can gain a better understanding of the writing. ​

There are 4 types of context clues:​
- Synonym​
- Antonym​
- Inference​
- Definition​

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1. Synonym
Sentences may contain synonyms, or words that mean the same, to help learn unknown words.​

1. She hums continuously, or all the time, and it annoys me.​

2. Tim explained, “I am starving.” He was famished because he had not eaten all day.​

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2. Antonym
Where there's a word in the text with the opposite meaning of the word, it's called an antonym.​

1. Our sweltering summer days were quickly replaced by the cold flashes of fall. ​

2. My dog is so overweight that he is obese. He has not been thin since he was a puppy.​

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3. Inference
Inference = the meaning of the word becomes clear when reading the text

1. You don't want to hang out with Alex, unless you want to hear him talk about himself. He's so conceited.​
Alex talks about himself a lot. Someone who talks a lot about himself is 'verwaand/arrogant'.​​
2. All animals share the same vital needs, like food, water and shelter.​
Food and water are things you need to stay alive, so vital needs are 'levensbehoeften'.​

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4. Definition
Definition = the meaning of the word is explained in the text

1. The doctor’s writing was utterly illegible; no one could read those scribbles.​

3. His rancor, or hatred, for socializing resulted in a life of loneliness and boredom.​

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Let's practise!
- Go to page 27.
- We are going to fill in exercise 25a together.
- Do exercise 26 and 27 on your own!

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Let's find our more about the frozen world (again).

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Review the lesson
So, what have we learned today?

1. You know how to compare things in English.
2. You know the 4 types of context clues and how to apply them.

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Homework & next lesson
  • Study the vocabulary on page 72 & 73 of your Sterk book.

Next lesson:
Enquiry form.

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