HISTORY OF IRELAND 3 - Rising & Troubles

What do you remember from yesterday?
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Slide 1: Woordweb
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In deze les zitten 31 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 3 videos.

time-iconLesduur is: 45 min

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What do you remember from yesterday?

Slide 1 - Woordweb

Henry VIII was a remarkable man. What is he known for?
He beheaded a few of his wives
He started the Anglican church
He broke with the Pope in Rome
All of the above

Slide 2 - Quizvraag

What is the name of the famous battle in 1690, won by William of Orange?
Battle of Blackwater Bay
Battle of the Boyne
Battle of the Bastards
Battle of Hardhome

Slide 3 - Quizvraag

British occupation
  • Crazy Medieval British Kings 
  • Plantation of Ulster  (early 1600's)
  • William of Orange (1690)
  • The Irish Potato Famine (1840's)

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

British occupation
The Irish fight back!

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Easter Rising - 1916
  • Irish wanted 'Home Rule': a parliament in Dublin, not London. 
  • British finally said 'OK' in 1914
  • But then, WW1 broke out and Home Rule was postponed

  • "Ireland unfree shall never be at peace!" (Patrick Pearse)
  • So: members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood  (IRB) proclaimed the Republic

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

The Irish proclaimed the Irish Republic and on Easter Monday they occupied several buildings in Dublin.
Eventually, the rebels had to give up. They were running out of ammunition and the British kept sending in more soldiers and artillery.
Heavy (guerilla) fighting ensued for several days, all over the city centre.
Result: in 1918, the republican party Sinn Fein won a landslide victory in the Irish elections. The road to a free country became clearer and clearer.... 
The ringleaders of the rebellion were arrested and executed. This turned them into martyrs - and made the Irish people warm up even more towards the idea of a free country.... 

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

What happened to the leaders of the Easter Rising?
There were sent to Australia
They were executed
They were pardoned
They had to do a 'taakstraf'

Slide 8 - Quizvraag

What was the result of the executions (as in, public opinion)?

Slide 9 - Open vraag

Irish War for Independence
  • Guerilla war, 1919 - 1921

  • December 1918 election: the republican party Sinn Féin won a landslide victory in Ireland. 
  • On 21 January 1919 they formed a breakaway government (Dáil Éireann) and declared independence from Britain.
  • Start of the IRA

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

key players: Eamon DeValera & Michael Collins

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Bloody Sunday 
  • 21 November 1920
  • 15 people killed by IRA, mostly British secret service agents

  • Next day: revenge from the British
  • Croke Park massacre
  • Civilians: 14 killed, 70 wounded

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Eventually, the British
ask for a truce.

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Anglo-Irish Treaty
  • Signed in London: 1921 
  • Irish Free State (as part pf the British Empire)
  • Partition of Northern Ireland

  •  Dáil Éireann ratified the Treaty: 64 to 57.

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

With this Treaty, was Ireland 'free'?
Yes, they became the Republic they wanted to be
No, they still had to swear allegiance to the Crown.

Slide 15 - Quizvraag

Irish Civil War
  • 1922-1923
  • pro-treaty vs anti-treaty
  • Collins vs DeValera  (who resigned as president)
  • former IRA 'brothers' now fighting each other
  • Collins eventually killed in West-Cork

Pro-Treaty wins --> much later -->  Republic of Ireland  (1948)

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

The Troubles
Northern Ireland, 1970's

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

(45% of population)


Want to unite with Ireland

IRA (Irish Republican Army)
(48% of population) 


Want to be part of UK

UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force)

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Unionists and Loyalists are often also

Slide 20 - Quizvraag

Republicans and Nationalists are often also

Slide 21 - Quizvraag

The Troubles
Battle of the Bogside- 1969
The escalation of the Civil Rights Movement - and by some believed to be the start of the Troubles - was the Battle of the Bogside, Derry, 1969.
Protestant marchers marched through the mainly Catholic/ Nationalist city of Derry. Massive violence breaks out, and this is by some seen as the start of The Troubles. 
Bloody Sunday - 1972
Bloody Sunday was an incident on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland. British soldiers shot 28 unarmed civilians during a peaceful protest march against 'internment': throwing people in prison without reason/ trial. Fourteen people died. The Irish band U2 famously wrote a song about this day. 
Good Friday Agreement - 1998
This could be seen as 'the end of The Troubles'. The Irish, Northern Irish and British governments signed an agreement for peace. 
All in all, 3,500 people were killed in the conflict. 52% were civilians, 32% were members of the British security forces, and 16% were members of paramilitary groups.
U2 - Sunday Bloody Sunday

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

The events called 'Battle of the Bogside' and 'Bloody Sunday' took place in which city?

Slide 23 - Quizvraag

Slide 24 - Link

Northern Ireland today
relatively peaceful 
still 'segregation' in some areas
tourism is generally safe
beautiful countryside - Game of Thrones!

So.... will Ireland ever be united?

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

Slide 27 - Video

Slide 28 - Video

Slide 29 - Video

Interesting stuff?

Slide 30 - Woordweb

Main events
  • Easter Rising: 1916
  • War of Indepence: 1919-1921
  • Civil War: 1922-1923
  • The Troubles: 1968-1998

Slide 31 - Tekstslide