In deze les zitten 31 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 3 videos.
Lesduur is: 45 min
Onderdelen in deze les
What do you remember from yesterday?
Slide 1 - Woordweb
Henry VIII was a remarkable man. What is he known for?
He beheaded a few of his wives
He started the Anglican church
He broke with the Pope in Rome
All of the above
Slide 2 - Quizvraag
What is the name of the famous battle in 1690, won by William of Orange?
Battle of Blackwater Bay
Battle of the Boyne
Battle of the Bastards
Battle of Hardhome
Slide 3 - Quizvraag
Crazy Medieval British Kings
Plantation of Ulster (early 1600's)
William of Orange (1690)
The Irish Potato Famine (1840's)
Slide 4 - Tekstslide
The Irish fight back!
Slide 5 - Tekstslide
Easter Rising - 1916
Irish wanted 'Home Rule': a parliament in Dublin, not London.
British finally said 'OK' in 1914
But then, WW1 broke out and Home Rule was postponed
"Ireland unfree shall never be at peace!" (Patrick Pearse)
So: members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) proclaimed the Republic
Slide 6 - Tekstslide
The Irish proclaimed the Irish Republic and on Easter Monday they occupied several buildings in Dublin.
Eventually, the rebels had to give up. They were running out of ammunition and the British kept sending in more soldiers and artillery.
Heavy (guerilla) fighting ensued for several days, all over the city centre.
Result: in 1918, the republican party Sinn Fein won a landslide victory in the Irish elections. The road to a free country became clearer and clearer....
The ringleaders of the rebellion were arrested and executed. This turned them into martyrs - and made the Irish people warm up even more towards the idea of a free country....
Slide 7 - Tekstslide
What happened to the leaders of the Easter Rising?
There were sent to Australia
They were executed
They were pardoned
They had to do a 'taakstraf'
Slide 8 - Quizvraag
What was the result of the executions (as in, public opinion)?
Slide 9 - Open vraag
Irish War for Independence
Guerilla war, 1919 - 1921
December 1918 election: the republican party Sinn Féin won a landslide victory in Ireland.
On 21 January 1919 they formed a breakaway government (Dáil Éireann) and declared independence from Britain.
Start of the IRA
Slide 10 - Tekstslide
key players: Eamon DeValera & Michael Collins
Slide 11 - Tekstslide
21 November 1920
15 people killed by IRA, mostly British secret service agents
Next day: revenge from the British
Croke Park massacre
Civilians: 14 killed, 70 wounded
Slide 12 - Tekstslide
Eventually, the British
ask for a truce.
Slide 13 - Tekstslide
Signed in London: 1921
Irish Free State (as part pf the British Empire)
Partition of Northern Ireland
Dáil Éireann ratified the Treaty: 64 to 57.
Slide 14 - Tekstslide
With this Treaty, was Ireland 'free'?
Yes, they became the Republic they wanted to be
No, they still had to swear allegiance to the Crown.
Slide 15 - Quizvraag
Irish Civil War
pro-treaty vs anti-treaty
Collins vs DeValera (who resigned as president)
former IRA 'brothers' now fighting each other
Collins eventually killed in West-Cork
Pro-Treaty wins --> much later --> Republic of Ireland (1948)
Slide 16 - Tekstslide
Northern Ireland, 1970's
Slide 17 - Tekstslide
(45% of population)
Want to unite with Ireland
IRA (Irish Republican Army)
(48% of population)
Want to be part of UK
UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force)
Slide 18 - Tekstslide
Slide 19 - Tekstslide
Unionists and Loyalists are often also
Slide 20 - Quizvraag
Republicans and Nationalists are often also
Slide 21 - Quizvraag
Battle of the Bogside- 1969
The escalation of the Civil Rights Movement - and by some believed to be the start of the Troubles - was the Battle of the Bogside, Derry, 1969.
Protestant marchers marched through the mainly Catholic/ Nationalist city of Derry. Massive violence breaks out, and this is by some seen as the start of The Troubles.
Bloody Sunday - 1972
Bloody Sunday was an incident on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland. British soldiers shot 28 unarmed civilians during a peaceful protest march against 'internment': throwing people in prison without reason/ trial. Fourteen people died. The Irish band U2 famously wrote a song about this day.
Good Friday Agreement - 1998
This could be seen as 'the end of The Troubles'. The Irish, Northern Irish and British governments signed an agreement for peace.
All in all, 3,500 people were killed in the conflict. 52% were civilians, 32% were members of the British security forces, and 16% were members of paramilitary groups.
U2 - Sunday Bloody Sunday
Slide 22 - Tekstslide
The events called 'Battle of the Bogside' and 'Bloody Sunday' took place in which city?