2.5 Hitler's Dictatorship -T-

2.5: Hitler's dictatorship
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 42 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 4 videos.

time-iconLesduur is: 45 min

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2.5: Hitler's dictatorship

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

In a democracy power is not in the hands of 1 person.
Power is divided into 3 equal branches.

What do we call the "separation of powers" again?

Slide 2 - Woordweb

Which power does parliament hold in the Trias Politica
(or in any democratic state)?
judicial power
absolute power
legislative power
executive power

Slide 3 - Quizvraag

Which of the following does NOT belong to parliament?
1e & 2e Kamer
peoples' representatives
prime minister

Slide 4 - Quizvraag

What was the name of the German parliament during the Weimar Republic?

Slide 5 - Quizvraag

So, parliament "makes the laws".
But it has another function within the Trias Politica.

Which one?
execute the new laws
check the government
prosecute people who break the law
appoint the king

Slide 6 - Quizvraag

  • in a democracy power is separated into 3 equal branches.
  • parliament is the legislative power: it makes the laws.
  • parliament is elected by the people. It is therefore "the people's representatives".
  • The other two branches are the executive and judicial power.
  • The executive power is the government.
  • But what is a government?

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

  • So:     government = cabinet =  ministers (+ prime minister)
  • With a majority support in parliament a cabinet can pass its own plans / ideas as new laws.
  • In Germany the prime minister is called the "chancellor" (kanselier)
  • Hitler wanted his nazi party to win the Reichstag elections.
  • He would then become chancellor.
  • He could then start to execute his own plans.....

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Slide 12 - Video

lesson 2.5: Hitler's dictatorship.
main question: How did Hitler seize power, then destroy democracy and strengthen his position to turn Germany into a totalitarian Nazi state?
Subjects in this lesson:
1933: -Hitler becomes chancellor.
          -Reichstag fire
          -the Enabling Act in parliament: power to rule without                        parliament
1934: -Night of the Long Knives
          -Hitler becomes FÜHRER (leader): absolute power.

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

lesson 2.5: Hitler's dictatorship.

Nazis start to turn Germany into a totalitarian state (nazification):
                          - nazis control of media and culture
                          - propaganda and cult of personality
                          - racial ideology, indoctrinate children /                                                     education
                          - terror: SS & Gestapo, concentration camps

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

After 1929: Thanks to the crisis, Hitler’s party grew.

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Reichstag elections July 1932
Nazis (brown) are largest parties, but don't have an overall majority

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Jan. 1933, Hitler is appointed "chancellor"....

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

...but the nazis don't have an overall a majority in parliament.
And that is what Hitler wants.

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

When the Reichstag building is set on fire by a communist,
Hitler seizes the opportunity...

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Hitler declares communists state enemies and organises new elections, using propaganda and terror.

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

the S.A. (Sturm Abteilung) = nazis in uniforms.
They arrest communists and intimidate voters

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Reichstag elections March 1933
Nazis (brown) , together with another nationalist party, have an overall majority

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

With a majority support in parliament Hitler proposes a new law: 
the Enabling Act

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

This law gives Hitler the power to rule without parliament!
Hitler now has dictatorial powers.

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

To strengthen his power, Hitler needed to get rid of "critical" members of his own S.A. (sturmabteilung)

Ernst Röhm

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

SA leaders wanted more political influence.
Hitler did not want to share any power.

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

Hitler turns to his elite bodyguard troops: the SS to help him 

Slide 27 - Tekstslide

During the "Night of the Long Knives" the SA is purged by the SS.
Hitler claims he has prevented an "SA coup".

Slide 28 - Tekstslide

Two months later president Hindenburg dies.
He was the last remnant of the Weimar republic.

Slide 29 - Tekstslide

Hitler succeeds Hindenburg, combines his office "chancellor" with 
that of "president" into a new title: FÜHRER

Slide 30 - Tekstslide

Hitler succeeds Hindenburg, combines his office "chancellor" with 
that of "president" into a new title: FÜHRER

Slide 31 - Tekstslide


Slide 32 - Tekstslide


Slide 33 - Tekstslide


Slide 34 - Tekstslide

Slide 35 - Video


Slide 36 - Tekstslide


Slide 37 - Tekstslide

Slide 38 - Tekstslide

Terror and concentration camps

In 1925, the highly-trained SS personnel became Hitler’s personal bodyguards. From 1934 onwards, when Hitler got rid of the SA, the task of the SS was to defend the national-socialist state and eliminate all its opponents. In 1934, the Gestapo was founded, the Nazi secret police. At the start of Hitler’s rule, ten thousand of Communists had been arrested, many after the Reichstag Fire. Prisons soon proved to be too small and so many of the prisoners were send to abandoned areas. Here wooden barracks were set up, surrounded by barbed wire and watchtowers. The SS took command of these concentration camps. At first, political adversaries, such as critical teachers, journalists and members of different political parties were locked up. But soon Hitler also ordered people who were inferior, according to his racial doctrine, to be send to these camps: Jews, homosexuals, gypsies and disabled people were sent prison, tortured and mistreated. Most of them did not survive.

  1. What were the SS and Gestapo used for?
  2. Which two groups were locked up in concentration camps?

Slide 39 - Tekstslide


Slide 40 - Tekstslide

Slide 41 - Video

Slide 42 - Video