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Unit 4 Simple Past

Past Simple/Simple Past & Time expressions
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EnglishVocational Education

In deze les zitten 24 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

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Past Simple/Simple Past & Time expressions

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Timeline

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

When to use:

  • to indicate an activity at a specific time in the past.
  • is used with time expressions referring back to a finished  period of time. (clear indication of past time)

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Two types of verbs:
Verbs can be divided into regular and irregular verbs.

Regular verbs form their past tense by adding -ed to the base.
Irregular verbs change in spelling.

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

How to form Regular verbs
  • by adding -ed to the base of the verb.
  • by adding only -d if the base already ends in -e.

The past tense of regular verbs is the same for all persons singular and plural.

I/you/he/she/it/we/you/they -> worked
I/you/he/she/it/we/you/they -> changed

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Irregular verbs
  • Change spelling
  • There is a list of irregular verbs on page157

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Time expressions:
  • Yesterday     -> I saw him yesterday.
  • Ago                  -> The bus left an hour ago.
  • Last                 -> She went to Miami last month.
  • In 1988           -> She passed away in 1988.

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Spelling rules before -ed
Before -ed the following spelling changes occur:
  • 'y' changes into 'i'                                       example:   deny -> denied

When a verb ends in a consonant + y:
  • the 'y' changes into 'i'                              example: study -> studied

BUT, there is no change when 'y' is preceded by a vowel letter!
play -> played

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Spelling rules before -ed
A final consonant is doubled when it is preceded by one stressed vowel letter. (so, verbs ending in one stressed vowel + one consonant)
                                   stop     -> stopped                  regret  -> regretted
                                   prefer  -> preferred               shop     -> shopped
                                   plan      -> planned                  refer      -> referred
But:
book -> booked (2 vowel letters)
answer -> answered (not preceded by a stressed vowel letter)

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Read & write down the past simple verbs.

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Complete the information about George's career.

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Past Simple of Do-Be-Have

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Negative (-)  & Questions (?)
                                                       Affirmative form:                   Negative form:
                                         She worked at Zara.             ->          She did not work at Zara.
                                                   SUBJECT+ DID NOT+ INFINITIVE (stem of verb)
                                 
                                                    Affirmative form:                      Question form:
                                        She worked at Zara.             ->          Did she work at Zara?
                                                   DID + SUBJECT + INFINITIVE (stem of verb)  ....?

                            She was the manager at Zara.     ->         Was she the manager at Zara?                                                                         They were employees.     ->          Were they employees?
                                                                   WAS/WERE + SUBJECT + .......?

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Affirmative (+)  Negative (-)  Questions (?)

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Wh-Question words
We can form questions in the Past Simple by using the 
Wh-words:
who
where
when
why
what
which + subject

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Wh-question Word Order - Past Simple

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

How to form questions using Wh-words.

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

What is the Past Simple of the verb:
(to) bring
A
brung
B
bringed
C
brang
D
brought

Slide 18 - Quizvraag

What is the Past Simple form of the verb:
(to) think
A
thunk
B
thought
C
taught
D
thank

Slide 19 - Quizvraag

What is the Past Simple form of the verb:
(to) wear
A
weared
B
wore
C
worn
D
whore

Slide 20 - Quizvraag

Complete the text about Phyllis Harman Medical Center.
Use the correct form of the past simple.

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Look at the chart which shows the history of a joint venture between two companies. Write a short paragraph which explains the main events.
Use the PAST SIMPLE!

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Scan the code and make the quiz!
https://forms.office.com/Pages/ResponsePage.aspx?id=gryfEhmxz0SivKctofu7PZ8mHsoD2I9GsBczLlkGA-1UMzI4NkVMUFZRTDFMTjNUQlJHVkhaTlBOMy4u

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

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