2.2 the Reformation (TEACHER PRESENTATION)

 2.2. The Reformation

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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 31 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.

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 2.2. The Reformation

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

people in this lesson
Martin Luther
Frederik of Saxony
emperor Charles V
John Calvin
Desiderius Erasmus

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

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Charles made a deal with the pope:
Charles accepted the pope as the spiritual leader of his empire
The pope granted Charles the power of a Roman emperor
(Caesar = Kaiser = Emperor)

  • HOLY: because it was Catholic. 
  • ROMAN: because Charles was as powerful as a Roman emperor
  • EMPIRE: well, because it was an empire

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

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Slide 13 - Tekstslide

How did the Catholic Church split up?

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

The Reformation Begins
  • 1517: Luther protested against what, in his opinion, was wrong with the Catholic Church by posting his 95 theses
  • The pope excommunicated Luther and wants him arrested
  • 1521: Luther is ordered to the Diet at Worms to take back his words

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

After the Diet of Worms
  • Luthers supporters form the Lutherans and use Luthers protests to justify a split of the Catholic Church
  • Their radical ideas spread all over Germany and causes violence against priests
  • = the start of the Reformation

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Statement 1: Before Luther, there was only one Christian Church:
the Catholic Church.
Statement 2: After Luther, the Catholic Church was replaced by many
different Protestant Churches
Both statements are true
Both statements are false
Only Statement 1 is true
Only statement 2 is true

Slide 17 - Quizvraag

  • Charles V, ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, despised the split of the Church and wanted to use violence to correct it
  • Many people protested = Protestanism
  • Civil War broke out that was solved with the Treaty of Augsburg (1555): Each princedom can decide their own religion

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

What does Luther see in Rome that irritates him?
priests spend too much time praying
the clergy live too luxuriously
people worship relics
people refuse to worship the pope
clerics are sleeping with women
people worship images of saints

Slide 19 - Sleepvraag

By buying an indulgence you would got:
to spend less years in hell
a ticket to Heaven
a free ticket to Rome
special treatment when you died

Slide 20 - Quizvraag

With his Ninety-five Theses, Luther protested against
what in his opinion:

was wrong with society
was wrong with religion in general
was wrong with Catholics
was wrong with the Catholic Church

Slide 21 - Quizvraag

Put the events in the correct chronological order
Luther must appear before the Emperor
Luther visits Rome
Luther writes his 95 theses
Luther translates the Bible into German
Luther burns the pope's letter

Slide 22 - Sleepvraag

French Protestants
  • Johan Calvin protested the Catholic Church
  • French protestants = Huguenots
  • Civil War between Catholics and Huguenots
  • 1598: Edict of Nantes: Huguenots get more autonomy

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

The spread of protestantism
Charles V could not prevent protestantism to spread across his empire:

  1. Luther had many followers (Lutherans)in Northern Germany
  2. Calvin had many followers (Calvinists) in the Netherlands 

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

In your own words, what was the Protestant Reformation?

Slide 25 - Open vraag

The Catholic Church defends itself
  • 1545: Church meeting that started the Counter-Reformation
  • Protestants = heretics
  • Inquisition should actively hunt them down and force them to become Catholic again
  • Protestant books were forbidden and listed on the Index

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

The Inquisition
Charles V saw protestants as HERETICS  who needed to be STOPPED.

To do this Charles V gave more power to the INQUISITION.

The Inquisition was a special department of the Catholic Church that focused on dealing with heretics.


Slide 27 - Tekstslide

The Inquisition
Inquisition comes from "inquiry" (onderzoek).

Inquisitors were special Catholic monks who dealt with finding, arresting and punishing heretics.

To punish a heretic the inquisitors did not need PROOF, but a CONFESSION. And they used TORTURE to get this confession.

After the prisoner had confessed he could be publically punished, which often meant being burned alive.

Slide 28 - Tekstslide

Which measure taken by the Catholic Church can you see on this picture?

Slide 29 - Quizvraag

Which is NOT a way the Catholic Church defended itself against Protestantism?

with the Inquisition protestants were persecuted
at the Council of Trent the Church started a new movement called the Counter-Reformation
everyone who was a protestant was declared a heretic
The Church centralized power in order to get a better grip on heretics

Slide 30 - Quizvraag

Slide 31 - Video