1 / 25
Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 5

In deze les zitten 25 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

time-iconLesduur is: 120 min

Onderdelen in deze les


Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Lesson Goals
After this lesson, you are able to explain the most important concepts of Modernism.

You are capable of answering basic questions on the concept of modernism.

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Lesson Content
- Situation Pre-Modernism
- Developments in science
- Decline in society
- Modernist response
-Structure of Modernism
- Conclusion

Slide 3 - Tekstslide


Slide 4 - Woordweb

Victorianism - Romanticism
  • Society: Industrialism, focused on the masses
  • Literature: Imperialist, Realism, Romanticism, Social Criticism
  • Authors: Wordsworth, Brontë, Austen, Blake. 

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Slide 6 - Link

Developments in Science
  • Many developments in the field of economics, politics, psychology and psycho-analysis.

  • Many disciplines combine to create a new view of humanity.

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Charles Darwin
- Supernatural being created the basics.
- The world evolves.
- The most adaptable survive.

Origin of Species (1859)

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Sigmund Freud
- Fouder of psycho analysis
- Dream theory: Your dreams speak about your subconscious desires.
- Oedipus/Elektra complex

Three essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905)

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Friedrich Nietzsche
- All men are not equal
- Society in decline because Christianity took away man's ability to decide their own destiny (predestination). Humans will push back
- Will to power: Humans innately desire domination over others. --> More important than reason

Thus Spoke Zarathustra (1883)

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Karl Marx
Believed in Nietzsche's WIll to Power concept: The proletariat should rise up and take the power they have a right to.

Das Kapital (1867)

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Henri Bergson
  • Humanity is not rational. It acts on mystery
  • The brain remembers only that which it finds important.
  • Rationality is overrated. Individual perception should be considered important.

Time and Free Will (1889)

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Bertrand Russell
Empiricism: Reality is an experience. Only through experiences does humanity gain knowledge. 

Nothing is fixed, individual experience is the most important.

The Problems of Philosophy (1912)

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Dream Theory
Will to Power
Mystery over Reason

Slide 14 - Sleepvraag


Slide 15 - Sleepvraag

Decline in society
  • The world is changing. Many conflicts all around the world.
  •  Humanity struggles. --> Caused anti-industrialist sentiments.
  • World War 1 --> Young generation drawn into war of the older generation. --> Sense of dislocation  / Alienation

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Sense of Dislocation

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Modernist Response

  • Society had to change
  • Break with tradition: Form, content.
  • New focus on individualism
  • What is the role of art?

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

When do you consider something art?

Slide 19 - Woordweb

Structure of Modernism
Complex combination of movements:

  • Aestheticism: Art for art’s sake / Beauty in all aspects of life (Oscar Wilde)
  • Stream of Consciousness: pure thoughts on paper (Joyce, Richardson)
  • Irrationalism: instinct and will over reason (Joyce)

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Stream of Consciousness

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

High vs. Low Modernism
  • Low Modernism: Education Act of 1870, literature available to the masses.
                 Everyday moral, language
                 Example Authors: Bernard Shaw, H.G. Wells

  • High Modernism: Art is for a higher purpose, not for the masses.
                 High morals, complex language
                 Example authors: James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, Joseph Conrad, T.S. Eliot. 

  • High Modernism used elements of Low Modernism when it was suitable.

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Celebrity Culture
  • Turn of the century, beginning of film industry.
  • Individuals became celebrities.
  • Authors adopted an identity which helped them be successful.
  • 1967: Roland Barthes --> Death of the Author --> Auctor vs. Scriptor

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

  • Irrationalism: Books discussed how people felt about life, rather than the rational discussion       of events.
  • Unreliable narrator: The narrator had just one perspective. Modernist used this to put the             individual experience at the centre.
  • Subjective perception of reality: idem
  • Break with tradition, both in form (free verse) and content (expressing the views discussed           before).
  • Discussion of alienation, loss and despair as a result of World War 1, but also on a personal           level. --> spiritual and economic alienation

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

What would you like more explanation on in following lessons?

Slide 25 - Woordweb