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9.2.3 PRESENTATION

9. The Time of World Wars
9.2.3 The Rise of Mussolini and Hitler

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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 39 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 2 videos.

time-iconLesduur is: 50 min

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9. The Time of World Wars
9.2.3 The Rise of Mussolini and Hitler

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

people in this lesson
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Hitler as a kid

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Hitler during WW1

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Nov 11, 1918: ARMISTICE
June 28,1919: Treaty of Versailles
Hitler would never accept this!

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Germany became a democratic Republic:
the Weimar Republic
1918 - 1933

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

From now on,        laws were made by
the Reichstag:                the German parliament
Study the workings of a parliament (then and now) in the EXTRA lesson: 

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Reichstag, Berlin, 1922

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

The Weimar Republic (1919 - 1933)
After the first general elections for the Reichstag in a democratic Germany, the largest party became: the Social Democrats (SDP, = like our PvdA), followed by the Liberals (= like our VVD) and the Catholics (= like our CDA).

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

The Weimar Republic (1919 - 1933)
These parties all embrace freedom and democracy. That is why we say that they belong to the political center.

  • There were also political parties that hated democracy, for example:

  • communists (who wanted a country like the Soviet Union)
  • nationalists (who wanted Germany to be a strong empire again)

  • These undemocratic groups we call extremists.

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Spartakists
Freikorps

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

The Stab-in-the-back Myth
a story created by extremist right nationalists:

The German army did not lose WW1.
Germany was betrayed by democratic politicians who signed the Armistice and later the Treaty of Versailles.

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

The Stab-in-the-back Myth

Hitler also believed 
that communists and especially the Jews
were part of this plot against Germany and its army.


Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Hitler in politics

In 1919 Hitler joined a nationalistic party, the Deutsche Arbeiter Partei (DAP)


Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Hitler in politics

The DAP was
- anti democratic
- anti communist
- anti-semitic (= anti-Jewish)


Slide 16 - Tekstslide


Hitler turned out to be a good speaker.

He practised his expressions and gestures in front of a mirror.


Slide 17 - Tekstslide

In 1920 Hitler became the leader of the DAP. He changed the name into N.S.D.A.P. He also used the swastika as the party's new symbol


Slide 18 - Tekstslide

NSDAP: National-Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter Partei.

Or in short: the Nazi Party
Members were called "nazis"


Slide 19 - Tekstslide

1923: the Nazis try to seize power in Munich by force.
This is called a Putsch or Coup (staatsgreep)

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Why a Putsch in 1923 ?

  • In 1922, Mussolini successfully seized power in Italy. Hitler was inspired by this.

  • In 1923, Germany suffered from a hyper inflation, causing millions of Germans to lose all their money. 
    Hitler believed that the                German people were now            so desperate that they                  would support him

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Germany was forced to pay 132 billion goldmarks to the Allies

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Causes and effects of the Hyperinflation of 1923

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

When Germany could not pay, the French occupied the Ruhr area to take resources as payment.

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

German miners went on strike. 
The Weimar government promised to pay their wages.

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

To keep paying the wages the government printed extra money.
Result: the value of the money decreased, causing inflation

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

In months the inflation spiralled out of control: hyper-inflation.
Money was worthless. People lost all their savings.

Slide 27 - Tekstslide

Slide 28 - Video

Slide 29 - Tekstslide

The Munich Putsch fails and Hitler is arrested. He is sentenced to 9 months imprisonment.

Slide 30 - Tekstslide

In prison, Hitler writes his book Mein Kampf (my struggle) in which he outlines his political ideas.

Slide 31 - Tekstslide

Slide 32 - Video

In short, his ideas and plans are:


  1. reverse the Treaty of Versailles
  2. rebuild Germany's armed forces
  3. unite Germany and Austria
  4. extend German territory into eastern Europe (Lebensraum)
  5. destroy communism
  6. the Germanic race (aryan race)  is superior (= the Master Race)

Slide 33 - Tekstslide

One arrow is actually missing.

And it benefits the USA.

???

Slide 34 - Tekstslide

WAR reparations
WAR debts payments
LOANS

Slide 35 - Sleepvraag

Results Plan Dawes:

  • German economy recovered from 1924 till 1929.

  • Extremist parties lost in popularity.

  • Until 1929 the Nazis remained a small party.


Slide 36 - Tekstslide

Slide 37 - Tekstslide

Put the events in the correct chronological order
Munich Putsch
Start hyper inflation
Germany becomes a Republic
Treaty of Versailles
Hitler writes Mein Kampf
Mussolini's March on Rome
French occupy the Ruhr

Slide 38 - Sleepvraag

congratulations
congratulations

Slide 39 - Tekstslide