Definitions of Abnormality

1 / 48
Slide 1: Tekstslide
PsychologySecondary Education

In deze les zitten 48 slides, met tekstslides en 1 video.

Onderdelen in deze les

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Statistical Infrequency

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Statistical Infrequency
1. Behaviours that are statistcially rare in the population

2. Statistically therefore normal behaviours are those that are common

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Deviation from Social Norms

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Slide 9 - Video

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Deviation from Social Norms
1. anyone who deviates from society created social norms (explicit - laws or implicit unstated rules)

2. Some rules like laughing at a funeral are implicit
Others such as public disorder are explicit

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Failure to Function Adequately

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Failure to Function adequately
1. When a person is not able to cope with their day to day life

2. Rosenhan and Seligman - 7 categories - the more you possess the more abnormal you are

3. The WHODA - World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule - can also be used

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Rosenhan and Seligman 89

1. Personal Distress

2. Maladaptive Behaviour

3. Irrationality and incomprehensibility

Rosenhan and Seligman 89

4. Unpredictability and loss of control

5. Unconvenmtional or rare behaviour

6. Observer discomfort

7. Violations of Social Norms

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Observer discomfort

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

Deviation from Ideal Mental Health

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Statistical Infrequency 

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

It can be appropriate
determining abnormality in terms of eating would offer valid results

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

Statistical Infrequency
Behaviours are relatively easy to calculate

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

Statistical Infrequency 

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

Some behaviours are highly desirable such as IQ
Despite this individuals woud be labelled as abnormal as the yare rare. This is counter to the motivation to identifying abnormality

Slide 27 - Tekstslide

Cut off
The cut off point fro separating normality from abnormality is subjective.

How defecient would your sleep need to be to be labelled as abnormal?

Slide 28 - Tekstslide

Deviation from Social Norms

Slide 29 - Tekstslide

Can be useful
DSN can be used effectively to identify those that are having difficulty.

Someone who is lost could have Alzheimers

Slide 30 - Tekstslide

By definition norms change over time, as such what is considered abnormal may change over time. In the past homosexuality was considered a mental disorder but no longer is

Slide 31 - Tekstslide

Deviation from Social Norms

Slide 32 - Tekstslide

Open to abuse
In some states anyone who disagress with the state is labelled as insane and is locked up, so there is the danger of the definition being used for social control

Slide 33 - Tekstslide

Context and Time
The context must be taken into account - strange outfits at cricket ok, to class not so much.
Time can also be a weakness as definitions should not reflect particular times

Slide 34 - Tekstslide

Failure to Function Adequately

Slide 35 - Tekstslide

Person focused
We view the disorder from the point of view of the person experiencing it.

so it has an element of sensitivity

Slide 36 - Tekstslide

Using the WHODAS we are provided with a somewhat objective measure of an individuals ability to cope.

Slide 37 - Tekstslide

Failure to Function Adequately

Slide 38 - Tekstslide

Who decides?
Who decides what is failing to function?

An individual may consider their behaviour perfectly functional and appropriate, wehereas other may think the opposite

Slide 39 - Tekstslide

The behaviour may actually be functional for the individual involved.

Having some symptoms of depression may get attention and sympathy and this may be adaptive rather than maladaptive

Slide 40 - Tekstslide

Deviation from Ideal Mental Health

Slide 41 - Tekstslide

Positive Approach
The only approach that focuses on the positives. 

See's mental health in the same why as physical health

If you meet the crietria you are healthy

Slide 42 - Tekstslide

Inspired Positive Psychology
At the heart of the positive psychology movement

This is a newer approach in psychology that focuses on what is right with us rather than what is not

Slide 43 - Tekstslide

Deviation from Ideal Menta Health

Slide 44 - Tekstslide

Criteria is unrealistic
Self actualisation is not achievable

As we need to meet all of the requirements, we are all abnormal

Slide 45 - Tekstslide

Cultural Relativism
Biased towards western values as self actualisation n particular focuses attention on the individual not the collective.

Therefore collectivist cultures will have higher levels of abnormality

Slide 46 - Tekstslide

Cultural Relativism
Behaviour can not be judged properly unless it is viewed in the context of the cultures in which it originates

Slide 47 - Tekstslide

Slide 48 - Link