Relative Clauses (en)

Relative clauses
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 3

In deze les zitten 28 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.

time-iconLesduur is: 30 min

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Relative clauses

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

what is a relative clause?
My brother, who is 24 years old, still lives at home

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

The thief who robbed an old lady was sent to jail.


It provides additional information on something or someone.



Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Relative Clauses
who - people
which - animals & things 
that - peope, dieren, dingen
That = More informal than who/which
that -> NEVER between 2 commas

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Relative pronouns
  • Link to a word previously mentioned
  • Links up two parts of the sentence

Martin played Tennis with Sophie, who was slightly injured.





relative pronoun
Noa sold her phone, which was old and damaged.
relative pronoun

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Defining relative clauses
Defining relative clauses:  essential information
  • In the middle or end of sentence
  • No commas!




He is the doctor who helped my grandmother.


This is the airport where I lost my bag.

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Non-defining relative clauses
Non-defining relative clauses:  additional information
  • In the middle or end of sentence
  • Starts and ends with comma
  • No use of that





The Times, which is published in London, is a daily newspaper.


The Times is a daily newspaper.

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Relative pronouns
You can leave out relative pronouns if:
  • it is a 'defining relative clause'
  • the pronoun does NOT relate to the subject
  • there is a pronoun behind it







The flowers which he gave me were beautiful.


Persoonlijk: ik, jij, hij, etc.
Bezittelijk: mijn, zijn, onze, etc.
Wederkerend: me, je, zich, etc.
The flowers he gave me were beautiful.

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Relative pronouns
  • Who / which together with preposition
  • preposition mostly in the end.
  • preposition can also be in the beginning of sentence: formal
  • 'Who' changes to 'whom'
The officer, who Lee told his story to, was shocked.
The officer, to whom Leed told his story, was shocked.

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Lyrics: do you recognize them?
  • You're the one that I want
  • The power you're supplying
  • I need a man who can keep me satisfied

Slide 10 - Tekstslide


Remember the film 'Grease'?

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Slide 12 - Video

Which RELATIVE pronoun fits in this sentence?
I want to read the book........you gave me.
A
which, that , who
B
which, that, X
C
who, whose, whom
D
which, that

Slide 13 - Quizvraag

Which RELATIVE pronoun fits in this sentence:
The officer, ....... John told his story to, was nice
A
who, that
B
who, that, X
C
who,
D
which, that

Slide 14 - Quizvraag

We had spaghetti .... is my favourite meal, for dinner last night.
A
whom
B
whose
C
which
D
who

Slide 15 - Quizvraag

which two relative pronouns belong to people?
A
who and that
B
who and which
C
which and whom
D
whose and who

Slide 16 - Quizvraag

He is a famous architect ...
designs won an international award last year.
A
who
B
which
C
that
D
whose

Slide 17 - Quizvraag

This is Mary, ...
is taking over my job when I leave.
A
who
B
which
C
that
D
whose

Slide 18 - Quizvraag

The photocopier, ...
has a two-year guarantee, costs $2000.
A
who
B
which
C
that
D
whose

Slide 19 - Quizvraag

He is the consultant ...
advice I rely on.
A
whose
B
who
C
that
D
whom

Slide 20 - Quizvraag

The people ...
were stopped at the border were all from Eastern Europe.
A
whose
B
which
C
that
D
who

Slide 21 - Quizvraag

Defining relative clauses give us...
A
Extra information
B
Essential information

Slide 22 - Quizvraag

Non-defining relative clauses give us...
A
Extra information
B
Essential information

Slide 23 - Quizvraag

Slide 24 - Link

Slide 25 - Link

Slide 26 - Link

Slide 27 - Link

Any questions??

Slide 28 - Tekstslide