4A1/4H3 - Body of essay

Welcome 4H3!
Make sure to have something at hand to take notes on!
1 / 23
Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 4

In deze les zitten 23 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

Onderdelen in deze les

Welcome 4H3!
Make sure to have something at hand to take notes on!

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Lesson plan
  1. Recap of thesis statement
  2. Theory on body of essay 
  3. Write body of essay

Goal: At the end of class, you can plan and write the body of your essay based on your thesis statement. 

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

What two elements does a thesis statement consist of?

Slide 3 - Open vraag

Thesis statement
Thesis statement: thesis (opinion) + road map (reasons)

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Your road map must reflect both your arguments in favour of ánd against your thesis

Slide 5 - Quizvraag

Road map
A road map is a very short summary of the argument in favour of your thesis. It does not reflect your counterargument. 

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

What kind of language should you use in your thesis statement?

Slide 7 - Open vraag

In your thesis statement you should use DEFINITIVE and STRONG language such as strong modals (should, must, have to) or comparatives/superlatives (better than, the best)

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

What is a topic sentence, and where do you place it in an argumentative essay?

Slide 9 - Open vraag

Topic sentence
A topic sentence is the first sentence of your body paragraph, in which you present the argument that you will develop in that paragraph. 

Your topic sentences reflect the arguments in your road map: they are more elaborate versions of those arguments. 

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Thesis statement vs. topic sentence
A thesis statement tells what the entire essay is about.
Position: last sentence of introduction

A topic sentence tells what abody paragraph is about
Position: first sentence of body paragraphs

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Thesis statement to topic sentence
Physical punishments must be banned, because it is against the person's rights, and does not make the person happier.

The first reason why physical punishments must be forbidden is because these punishments violate the constitutional rights of the person who is being punished

Secondly, physical punishments have to be prohibited because it has been proven that it does not make the child more peaceful and happier. 

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Linking words to introduce arguments
 Some useful linking words to introduce/sum up arguments:
  • The first/second/third reason why..
  • Another reason why ... / Another important point is ...
  • First / Secondly / Thirdly ..
  • Moreover / Furthermore / Additionally / In addition to...
  • Not only .. but also ..

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Thesis statement:
"Cats make excellent house pets as they are good companions and they are easy to care for."

Slide 14 - Open vraag

  • In your argumentative essay, you give 2 arguments in favour of your thesis, and your strengthen your claim by also providing 1 counterargument.
  • You must always refute your counterargument (provide a reason why this counterargument is, in fact, not true) 
  • Counterargument / refutation doesn't need to be part of your road map (only 2 arguments in favour of your thesis)

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Paragraph 2:
Argument in favour of (strongest)

Paragraph 3: 
Argument in favour of 

Paragraph 4:
Counterargument + refutation
Paragraph 2:
Argument in favour of (strongest)

Paragraph 3:
Counterargument + refutation

Paragraph 4:
Argument in favour of

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

What linking words can you use to introduce a counterargument?

Slide 17 - Open vraag

Linking words to introduce counterargument
  • However
  • Nevertheless
  • On the other hand
  • One could argue ..., but ...
  • Although it is true that ..., it would be wrong to claim that ...

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

Body paragraphs
Linking word > Topic sentence > Explanation > Details / Examples

Also use linking words within your paragraphs, e.g. to introduce an example: for example, for instance, an example of this is, this can be illustrated by, such as

or to introduce a citation: according to X, X tells us/shows that ..., as X stated/wrote/argued/discussed.. 

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Write the body of your essay in Class Notebook:
1. Write two paragraphs with topic sentences, explanations of your arguments including examples or details
2. Write one paragraph with a counterargument and refutation
3. Make sure it is a coherent whole > use linking words!!
4. Around 50-75 words per paragraph 
(This is homework for next Friday!)

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Do not forget to study and do the exercises for grammar topic 4, 6 and 7: phrasal verbs, future tenses, auxiliary verbs for tomorrow! 
>> Hand in via ELO before the start of tomorrow's lesson

Keys to Topics 1, 2, 3, and 5 are now online on ELO (Studiewijzers  > Grammar Group Teaching)


Slide 21 - Tekstslide

What is the difference between a thesis statement and a topic sentence?

Slide 22 - Open vraag

What three elements should be present in a topic sentence?

Slide 23 - Open vraag