2.1 The Russian Revolution

9. The Time of World Wars
2.1 The Russian Revolution
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 19 slides, met interactieve quiz, tekstslides en 3 videos.

Onderdelen in deze les

9. The Time of World Wars
2.1 The Russian Revolution

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

people in this lesson
Nicholas II
tsar (emperor)
mad wizard
Communist leader
Soviet Union
Karl Marx
"father" of communism

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Slide 3 - Video

Chapter 2 is about the time between WW1 and WW2. We call this period (1919 - 1939) "the Interbellum". 
  • We will learn how democracy was challenged when economic crises hit Europe. Several countries turned away from democracy and started their own political experiments, with devastating effects:
  1. Communism in Russia
  2. Fascism in Italy and Spain
  3. National-Socialism in Germany.

  • These new (dictatorial) ideologies would lead Europe to a new World War 

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

The Russian Revolution (1917)
Actually 2 revolutions:
I. February Revolution: 
  • spontaneous peoples' revolution
  • started with demonstrations for more bread, to end the war, end the absolute power of the czar.
  • soldiers turned against the czar and joined the protesters
  • the czar abdicated 
  • a temporary (socialist) government took over
  • but the war continued

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

The Russian Revolution
II. October Revolution: 
  • a planned 'putsch', or 'coup' (= staatsgreep)
  • Lenin and his Bolsheviks (= communists) seized power.

  • Lenin made peace with Germany (Treaty of Brest Litovsk)
  • Lenin became a dictator and started to turn Russia into a              communist state: the Soviet Union

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

The Russian Revolution

  • He started to turn the country into a communist state by                         taking away land, factories and businesses from their owners 

This led to a CIVIL WAR (1918 - 1922)

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

The Russian Revolution
CIVIL WAR (1918-1922)
Who fought against who?
     REDS: (communists)
  • Bolsheviks, led by Lenin, Trotski, Stalin

     WHITES:(anti- communists)
  • wealthy capitalists (business owners), landowners
  • czarists (people who wanted the tsar back on the throne)
  • armies from foreign anti-communist countries (France, UK, USA)

The outcome: The Whites were defeated. The czarist family was murdered.

Slide 8 - Tekstslide


Slide 9 - Video

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Karl Marx, a 19th century German, came with the idea of SOCIALISM:

  • Socialists want a better life for the poor working class people in society.
  • These people do all the hard work, but the capitalists (business owners) get the profit. That is not fair.
  • The government must take more control of the economy and limit the economic freedom of the capitalists.

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Try to get more SOCIAL LAWS (= laws that benefit the workers):
  • Minimum wages
  • 8 hour working day
  • Better working conditions
  • Sick pay, unemployment benefits, retirement.

Because of the socialists we still have these laws today.....

But what is communism???

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

The difference between socialists and communists is not the goal, but the means to reach them.

Slide 13 - Tekstslide


Slide 14 - Video

  • Communism is an ideology.
  • An ideology is a system of ideas and ideals, which forms the basis of economic or political or even religious policy.

  • Other ideologies we will learn about are fascism and national-socialism.

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Slide 16 - Tekstslide


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Before you copy this overview, do the drag & drop task...

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

capitalist economy
communist economy
1 government controls the economy
1. minimal government interfere in economy
2. private ownership of businesses
2. state owned businesses
3. planned economy
3. free market economy
4. production targets set by the state
4. production determined by need or demand
5. you work for profit
5. you work for the good of the nation
6. companies compete with each other
6. no competition between companies
7. prices of products determined by the state
7. prices determined by supply and demand
8. commercials and adverts
8. no commercials and adverts needed

Slide 18 - Sleepvraag


Slide 19 - Tekstslide