I work - Do you work? - I don't work / he works - Does he work? - He doesn't work
When do you use the present simple?permanent situations / facts
Example: Water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius.
Habitual situations / habits (sometimes, often, usually etc)
Example: I usually do my homework before supper.
In time clauses (once, until etc)
Example: You stay at school until you finish this assignment.
In zero conditionals (if/when + present simple, present simple: every time the first part happens, the second part happens too) = in effect a fact
Example: If the temperature drops below zero, water turns into ice.
In schedules, timetables
Example: the train leaves at 18. 45 from platform 3b.
He is working - Is he working? - he isn't working
When do you use the present continuous?
Temporary situations (as opposed to permanent situations)
Example: This month I am working in our Hong Kong office.
Example:In autumn it is getting dark earlier and earlier.
Events happening now / something that is going on now
Example: Look! Those men are cleaning the windows of that skyscraper.
Events in the near future / fixed plan for the future
Example: We are flying to New York on Thursday
Example: That awful girl is always gossiping about her classmates!
If you think it is very difficult to have the explanation of the tenses in English only, you can watch the videos below for an explanation in Dutch.
If you understand the tenses you do not need to watch the videos!
After the/a/an/ some/any/many / his etc / you use a noun. Check if there is not a noun after the gap. If there is, use an adjective.
His ... to succeed impressed us very much. DETERMINE answer: determination
If there is a gap in front of a noun or after a form of to be you get an adjective.
It is ... to see how far he can jump. ASTONISH answer: astonishing.
He received a very ...... letter. BEAUTY anser: beautiful
If there is a gap after a verb or before an adjective you use an adverb.
They spoke .... about the difficult situation. INTELLIGENCE answer : intelligently
Nobody knew where the .... difficult test would take place. EXTREME answer: extremely
sometimes you need to add a prefix as well.
After the divorce Fred felt very ... for quite a long time. HAPPINESS answer unhappy