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Nutrition - SCS

NUTRITION
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
Biology12th Grade

In deze les zitten 32 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 2 videos.

time-iconLesduur is: 120 min

Onderdelen in deze les

NUTRITION

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Give students a short Introduction to  LessonUp and how to use a digital device during your lessons. It's recommended students also use pen and paper to write notes.
Nutrition,
What do you know?

Slide 2 - Woordweb

Activating students cognition.
The students, might need some help to get started. If so, mention Autotrophic, Photosynthesis, or carbohydrates to get them started.
PLANTS

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

If you prefer to have some students to work independently and in their own speed on this topic? Select the "Share with students" option in LessonUp.
Autotrophic
Autotrophic nutrition is a process in which the organism produces their food from the simple inorganic materials such as water, carbon dioxide and mineral salts in the presence of sunlight. 

All the green parts of the plants
have an autotrophic mode of nutrition.

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Differentiate on instruction and process. For example: Use different ways for your instruction, question based instruction, use of drawings, stories and use a wide variety of examples
Which gas is used by plants during photosynthesis?
A
carbon dioxide
B
oxygen
C
nitrogen
D
phosphorus

Slide 5 - Quizvraag

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Differentiate on instruction and learning environment  For example: Use different corners of the classroom or tables for students. Those who prefer the chemical equation, those who prefer equation in words or those who prefer a drawing. Or mix and match these groups.
Explain the structure of the leaf to its function in photosynthesis
The main function of a leaf is to produce food for the plant by photosynthesis. Chlorophyll, the substance that gives plants their characteristic green colour, absorbs light energy.

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Explain how environmental factors affect the rate of photosynthesis

Slide 8 - Open vraag

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Extra info Light intensity
Light intensity is one factor that affects photosynthesis. Without the energy from light, the chemical reaction cannot happen. If plants have less light, they photosynthesize more slowly. The speed of photosynthesis increases with greater light intensity, though it ultimately levels off once the plant has as much light as it needs.
Extra info CO2
Carbon dioxide concentration is another factor that affects photosynthesis. Generally, there is plenty of carbon dioxide in the air so there is little impact on photosynthesis in different environments. It's still a requirement, however, and if we deprive plants of carbon dioxide in the lab, we find a similar relationship to that of light: the rate of photosynthesis increases with carbon dioxide concentration until the plant has enough or more carbon dioxide than it needs; at that point, the rate doesn't increase much further.

Extra info: Temperature
Temperature is also a major factor that affects photosynthesis, although this one works differently. There is an optimum temperature for the reaction to happen at the highest possible rate. This is true of a lot of chemical reactions, especially biological ones. If the temperature is too cold or too hot, plants struggle to photosynthesize. However, plants can be adapted to different climates and handle different temperatures.

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Differentiate on content and level.
This gives an option for students who would like to understand why and how the environment has an impact on plants. 
Minerals in Plant Development

  • Magnesium is an important component of chlorophyll (required for photosynthesis)
  • Potassium is an inorganic salt found within the sap of a plant (maintains water potential)
  • Calcium is important for plant root and shoot elongation

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

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Slide 11 - Tekstslide

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Checklist:

Are you able to...
2.2 describe the process of photosynthesis in green plants?
2.3 relate the structure of the leaf of a flowering plant to its function in photosynthesis?
2.4 explain how environmental factors affect the rate of photosynthesis?
2.5 discuss the importance of minerals in plant nutrition using nitrogen and magnesium as examples?



Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Check if all the students individually achieved the objectives.
Based on this you can decide to differentiate in groups. 
To do options:
1. Practice with exam questions
2. Extra instruction about plant nutrition
3. Higherlvl_Photosynthesis
1
2
3

Slide 13 - Poll

Differentiate on content, process and product.
Students can decide how they want to continue this lesson on different levels. Ensure there is a save classroom environment for the students to chose what they individually need.
ANIMALS
(inc. HUMANS)

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

If some students prefer to work independently and in their own speed on this topic. Select the "Share with students" option in LessonUp.
Heterotrophic
Heterotrophic nutrition is a mode of nutrition in which organisms depend upon other organisms for food to survive. 

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Differentiate on instruction and process. For example: Use different ways for your instruction, question based instruction, use of drawings, stories and use a wide variety of examples
herbivores
carnivores
omnivores

Slide 16 - Sleepvraag

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Saprophytic
In saprophytic nutrition the organisms obtain their food from dead and decaying organic matter of dead plants, dead animals and other decomposing organic matter.

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Slide 18 - Video

Differentiate on content and process.
For example: Use the video-review_PDF (See extra material) if some students find it difficult to integrate the important information out of a video. 
Another option is to let some students make notes or a summary list, or give each student a individual question the need to answer during the video. 
Explain the role and importance of enzymes

Slide 19 - Open vraag

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Group assignment Anagrams:
WHAT DO WE NEED?
  • hatband sorcery
  • nope stir
  • fast
  • nativism
  • neil arms
  • we art
  • gear hugo

timer
2:00

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Differentiation by process and learning environment.
Some students will be really good at this assignment, some will really struggle.
The class can all work together as one, or work in two or three teams against each other.
What do we need in our food?
  • Carbonhydrates
  • Proteins
  • Fats
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Water
  • Roughage

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Malnutrition
Malnutrition is a health condition caused by a deficiency, imbalance or excess of nutrients in the diet.

- It can be caused by an improper dietary intake of nutrients.  e.g. overnutrition (too much) or undernutrition (not enough)
- It can be caused by the inadequate use of nutrients by the body. e.g. due to illness or disease

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Differentiate on instruction and process. For example: Use different ways for your instruction, question based instruction, use of drawings, stories and use a wide variety of examples
Digestion:
The main purpose of the digestive system is to break large molecules down into smaller subunits due to the fact that:
  
• Large molecules are typically chemically inert and need to be broken down and reassembled into usable products
• Large molecules are typically insoluble and cannot be easily absorbed into cells, whereas smaller subunits are soluble 

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

differentiation by content, process, product and learning environment.
Optional: give each student (or group of students) an organ to investigate. After 10-20 minutes they can explain to each other. The way the explain, (poster, powerpoint, vlog, essay) is up to the students.
Alimentary Canal (directly transfers food)

Oesophagus – Food tract from mouth to stomach
Stomach – Storage tank with low pH (protein digestion)
Small intestine – Site of nutrient absorption
Large intestine – Absorbs water and dissolved minerals 

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Accessory Organs (supports digestive processes)

Salivary glands – Moistens food bolus (starch digestion)
Pancreas – Secretes key enzymes into small intestine
Liver – Metabolises absorbed nutrients (produces bile)
Gall bladder – Stores and secretes bile (emulsifies fats)

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Slide 27 - Tekstslide

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Slide 28 - Video

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Checklist:
Are you able to:
2.1 distinguish among heterotrophic, autotrophic and saprophytic nutrition;
2.7 relate the structures of the human alimentary canal to their functions;
2.8 explain the role and importance of enzymes;
2.10 describe what happens to the products of digestion after their absorption;
2.11 discuss the importance of a balanced diet in human

Slide 29 - Tekstslide

Check if all the students individually achieved the objectives.
Based on this you can decide to differentiate in groups. 
To do options:
1. Practice with exam questions
2. Extra instruction about Human nutrition
3. Higherlvl_Enzymes
4. Higherlvl_DigestionAbsorption
1
2
3
4

Slide 30 - Poll

Differentiate on content, process and product.
Students can decide how they want to continue this lesson on different levels. Ensure there is a save classroom environment for the students to chose what they individually need.
In which topic do you want extra practice
before the EOYT?

Slide 31 - Woordweb

Deze slide heeft geen instructies

Slide 32 - Link

The evaluation is part of the test lessons, to examine is differentiation with IT on SCS is improving or not.