5.1 Lords and vassals, Franks and Frisians

   Age 3 : The Time of Monks and Knights

5.1 Lords and vassals, Franks and Frisians
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 13 slides, met interactieve quiz, tekstslides en 1 video.

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   Age 3 : The Time of Monks and Knights

5.1 Lords and vassals, Franks and Frisians

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

What do you know
about the Middle Ages?

Slide 2 - Woordweb

the Time of Monks and Knights
500 - 1000
Typical Aspects:

the spread of Christianity in Europe
the rise and spread of Islam
the feudal system
the manorial system and serfdom

Early Middle Ages
Dark Ages

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

What is this lesson about?
Local Germanic rulers came to power after the fall of the Roman Empire. They had a warrior culture that focused on the bond between lords and their vassals. From the sixth century the Franks established an empire that controlled large parts of Europe.

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

What you can explain /  do after this lesson
- Who were the Franks?
- How did the Franks establish a new empire?
- How did the system of lords and vassals work?
- how was exchanging gifts a way to form and maintain friendly alliances.
- Who was Charlemagne?
- Why was Charlemagne such an important ruler and innovator?

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Word Duty

Franks - most powerful of the Germanic tribes
Warrior culture - culture in which fights and battles are ways to achieve honour and power
Lord - medieval word for rulers, such as kings
Vassals - follower of a lord with special rights
Hall - room to accomodate a large group. It was used to make important decisions
Hereditary: going from father to son(s).
Frisians - people who lived in the northern and western parts of the Netherlands and along the river delta in the middle of the Netherlands.
Charlemagne - also known as Charles the Great, was king of the Franks. He united most of Western Europe into one empire.
Saxons - Germanic tribe, they invaded England
Barrows - large mounds used as graves

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Study this map 
closely so you
get a good
idea where the 
barbarian tribes 
came from and 
where they

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

What is?
change and continuity (in history lessons)?

Change: this means that something ends and is replaced by something different.
For example: When the Roman monarchy ended and Rome became a Republic.
A system of government was replaced by a very different system. So this is "change".

Continuity: this means that somethings continues, or "keeps going on" . 
For example: After the fall of the western Roman empire Christianity continued as an important religion.
In other words: If Christianity had ended with the Roman empire we would speak of "change", but in this case we speak of "continuity".

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Study this overview. Can you tell in your own words what it shows?

In the next question you must drag & drop texts to the correct category: discontinuity of continuity.
500 AD

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

What is?
centralisation and de-centralisation ?

Centralisation: this means that a country / empire is ruled from 1 place (the centre) and by one ruler (king / emperor)
For example: The whole Roman empire was ruled from 1 place (Rome). Everywhere within the empire there were the same laws, rules, money, taxes. Everything was decided from Rome (the centre)

Decentralisation: this means that a country does not have one central point from where all the laws are made, but the country is divided into many different regions, each with its own ruler, laws, money, taxes, etc.
For example: Ancient Greece was a decentralised country because every city state had its own laws, rulers, money etc.

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Slide 12 - Video


Slide 13 - Tekstslide