# C3.3 Chile - Lesson 9: Temperature factors

CHILE
where the Earth stops

Temperature factors
zlb@st-maartenscollege.nl
1 / 18
Slide 1: Tekstslide
AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 3

In deze les zitten 18 slides, met tekstslides.

Lesduur is: 45 min

## Onderdelen in deze les

CHILE
where the Earth stops

Temperature factors
zlb@st-maartenscollege.nl

#### Slide 1 -Tekstslide

What is the plan for today?

Repeat: Atacama desert
• TEMPERATURE FACTORS

#### Slide 2 -Tekstslide

ATACAMA DESERT GOALS
1. You can name 3 reasons that cause drought in the Atacama desert.
2. You can explain how mountain ranges influence precipitation by using the words windward side and leeward side (GG 49).
3. You can explain how ocean currents influence precipitation.

#### Slide 3 -Tekstslide

CHILE

• Explain why the north of Chile is very dry, while the south is very wet. Use the terms prevailing wind, windward side and leeward side

#### Slide 5 -Tekstslide

You can explain how mountain ranges influence precipitation by using the words windward side and leeward side (GG 49).

#### Slide 6 -Tekstslide

Use the map above.
Explain why the west coast of South America is a lot drier than the east coast.

#### Slide 7 -Tekstslide

TODAY'S GOALS
1. You can name the 6 temperature factors (G37).
2. For each temperature factor you can explain how it influences temperature in a certain place (G38, G42, G43, G44, G45, G46).

#### Slide 8 -Tekstslide

TEMPERATURE FACTORS
Why is it warm or cold somewhere?

#### Slide 9 -Tekstslide

1. Latitude
The closer you are to the equator, the warmer it is.

#### Slide 10 -Tekstslide

2. Altitude
The higher, the colder.

#### Slide 11 -Tekstslide

3. Land or sea

• Land heats up and cools down quicker than water.
• Land and water influence the temperature of the air above it.

#### Slide 12 -Tekstslide

4.Onshore/
offshore wind

• This factor only applies to places close to the sea.
• Onshore wind moderates temperature (cool summers, mild winters), while offshore winds cause bigger temperature differences.

#### Slide 13 -Tekstslide

5. Ocean currents
Warm current -> warmer air
Cold current -> colder air

#### Slide 14 -Tekstslide

6. Location of
mountain
ranges
Mountain ranges can block prevailing winds, so they can be a dividing line between 2 climates.

#### Slide 16 -Tekstslide

TODAY'S GOALS
1. You can name the 6 temperature factors (G37).
2. For each temperature factor you can explain how it influences temperature in a certain place (G38, G42, G43, G44, G45, G46).

Answer these goals in your notebook, take the Atacama desert as an example. You're allowed to use your coursebook, GeoGuide and the atlas.

#### Slide 17 -Tekstslide

QUIZ GEOGRAPHY
12 October 2021 (next lesson)
• Paragraph 1 and 2 + Global wind systems

LEARN TO NUMBER 32 IN THE LIST OF KNOWLEDGE- AND SKILLS

Don't for forget to bring your atlas