Reported speech - 3rd years

Today's lesson

Introduction to reported speech (a.k.a as indirect speech - indirecte rede) 

1 / 26
Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 3

In deze les zitten 26 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

time-iconLesduur is: 30 min

Onderdelen in deze les

Today's lesson

Introduction to reported speech (a.k.a as indirect speech - indirecte rede) 

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Wat is het verschil? 
Direct speech - is wat je hoor als iemand iets zegt.  Komt tussen "......"
Indirect/Reported speech - is wanneer je doorverteld wat iemand anders heeft gezegd.

Direct - "I love football," said Kate
Indirect - Kate said that she loved football.

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

What changes and how? (3 things - what are they?)
Direct: June : "It is my birthday today"
Indirect: June said that it was her birthday that day.

Slide 3 - Open vraag

What has changed?
 Direct: June said, "It is my birthday today"
      Indirect: June said that it was her birthday that day.

Pronoun:  My  >>> becomes >>>  her
Tense:   is  >>> becomes >>>  was
Time word:   today >>> becomes >>>  that day

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Pronouns change
(Speaker) said that (he, she, etc)...

Direct speech - "I fancy a cup of tea," said Jane

Indirect speech - Jane said that she fancied a cup of tea.

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Tense change: 

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Tenses change. 
What do you think the rule might be?  
John (Direct speech): " I am really hungry"
Amy (Reported speech): John said that he was really hungry.

John (Direct): "I am meeting Paul for dinner" 
Amy (Reported): John said he was meeting Paul for dinner. 

John (Direct): "I need something to eat now"
Amy (Reported): John said that he needed something to eat then. 

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Present simple --------------------
Present continuous --------------
Present perfect --------------------
Present perfect continuous ----
Past simple -------------------------
Past continuous -------------------
Past perfect - stays the same
Past perfect continuous - stays the same

Past simple
Past continuous
Past perfect
Past perfect continuous
Past perfect
Past perfect continuous
The ones in black are the ones you need to know at the moment

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Last night ----> the night before
Last year -----> the year before
Last Tuesday -----> the Tuesday before

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Three steps - Direct to Indirect Speech

1.  Identify the tense and shift back
2. Change the pronouns
3. Change the time expressions

Colin : " I am running late" ---> Colin said that .....
Jenny: " I was free yesterday" ----> Jenny said that .........

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Modal verbs (Direct vs Indirect)
Can becomes Could
Will become Would
Would stays as Would

Direct - "I can't go to school," said Tim
Indirect - Tim said that he couldn't go to school

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Tenses in reported speech...?
Stay the same: present continuous stays present continuous. I am working --> I am working.
Go from past tense to present tense. Past simple becomes present simple. I was --> I am.
Go a tense back in time: present simple --> past simple. I work --> I worked.
Go to a future tense: present simple becomes future simple I sleep --> I will/going to sleep.

Slide 13 - Quizvraag

We use reported speech to:
To give someone a rough idea what the other person has said.
To summarise in your own words what someone said.
To tell someone exactly what another person has said.

Slide 14 - Quizvraag

Which tense is this sentence in:
I have never liked cabbage
Present simple
Past simple
Present perfect
Past perfect

Slide 15 - Quizvraag

The sentence in the last slide was in the Present perfect.
If we backshift a tense from the Present perfect we use the....
Present simple
Past simple
Present perfect
Past perfect

Slide 16 - Quizvraag

"I can see the clouds.".
He told me that she ________ the clouds.
can see
could see
can saw
could saw

Slide 17 - Quizvraag

"He will come tomorrow".
She told me that he ________ the following day.
is coming
will come
would come

Slide 18 - Quizvraag

"I have taken the car"
She said that ....................the car.
had taken
she has taken
she had took
she had taken

Slide 19 - Quizvraag

John: "I am watching Netflix"
He said that ....................Netflix
she was watching
he is watching
he was watching
he watched

Slide 20 - Quizvraag

"The film started at 8pm"
Jeff said 8pm
the film had started
the film has started
the film would start
the film started

Slide 21 - Quizvraag

Write the indirect/reported speech
1. Tracy said, 'I am really hungry' = Tracy said that ........
2. Joe said, 'I will get some food'
3. Tony said, 'It's getting dark outside'
4. Diana said, 'We haven't spoken to James'
5. Tom said, 'I can help you with your homework'
6. Molly said, 'I went shopping yesterday' 


Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Questions in reported speech
"Is this the right way to the library?" asked the man
The man asked (me) if this was the right way to the library. 

"Who is that person?" asked Donna (to the group)
Donna asked (us) who that person was

If you get a -wh question word, use it in the reported speech 

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

Write the questions in reported speech
"Can you type Stan?" she asked.   She asked if.......................
Harry : "Have you seen my pen?" Harry asked if I....
"Would you like some coffee?" he asked. 
"Will they get to the party on time?" asked Jenny. 
"Where is my umbrella?" asked Doris. 
"Who is going to the party?" he asked 

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

Continue with.......
Back shift exercise 
Pronouns exercise 
Simple statements
Mixed tenses exercise
Questions exercise 

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

How confident do you feel about this grammar? (0 = not at all, 10 = totally)

Slide 26 - Poll