Conditionals

Today we'll be looking into...
...Conditionals

You will learn how to describe the result of something that might happen (in the present or future) or might have happened but didn't (in the past) .
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsSecundair onderwijs

In deze les zitten 52 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

Lesduur is: 45 min

Onderdelen in deze les

Today we'll be looking into...
...Conditionals

You will learn how to describe the result of something that might happen (in the present or future) or might have happened but didn't (in the past) .

Slide 1 -Tekstslide

So what are conditionals?
Conditionals describe the result of a certain condition.
The if clause tells you the condition (If you study hard) and the main clause tells you the result (you will pass your exams).

Slide 2 -Tekstslide

if
We use conditionals to talk about imaginary situations in the past, present and future. We use conditionals for situations that might happen in the future, or situations that might never happen.

Slide 4 -Tekstslide

Zero Conditional
This conditional is used when the result will always happen.
So, if water reaches 100 degrees, it always boils.

If + present simple, .... present simple.

Slide 5 -Tekstslide

If my husband (cook) , he
(burn) the food.

Slide 6 -Open vraag

First conditional

Slide 7 -Tekstslide

If it rains tonight,
A
I don't go out
B
I will not go out
C
I wouldn't have gone out
D
I would go out

Slide 8 -Quizvraag

If Tim studies hard,
A
He would have passed his exam
B
He will pass his exam
C
He passes him exam
D
He would pass his exam

Slide 9 -Quizvraag

If there is an earthquake,
A
Buildings will collapse
B
Buildings collapse
C
Buildings would collapse
D
Buildings would have collapsed

Slide 10 -Quizvraag

......, we will miss our flight.
A
If you will be late
B
If you are late
C
If you had been late
D
If you were late

Slide 11 -Quizvraag

...., your mom won't buy you a present.
A
If you failed your exam
B
If you failed your exam
C
If you had failed your exam
D
If you fail your exam

Slide 12 -Quizvraag

Second conditional - Unlikely to happen

Slide 13 -Tekstslide

Second conditional
An impossible or imaginary situation

If + past simple, would + infinitive

If it rained, it wouldn't be so bad to stay inside.
(It is sunny now, so imaginary situation)

Slide 14 -Tekstslide

If you stopped smoking, you ______ a lot better pretty quickly.
A
feel
B
are feeling
C
will feel
D
would feel

Slide 15 -Quizvraag

If I won the Lottery, I ______ my job. I love it too much.
A
would leave
B
will leave
C
wouldn't leave
D
won't leave

Slide 16 -Quizvraag

If my sister .................. (win) a trip to Greece, she ................. (take) me with her.
A
won, would take
B
won’t, would take
C
won, would taken
D
won, would took

Slide 17 -Quizvraag

If Sandra ............... (buy) a helicopter,
her friends ...................... (be) happy.
A
would buy, were
B
bought, wouldn’t be
C
buyed, would been
D
bought, would be

Slide 18 -Quizvraag

We ................... (not change) anything
if we ................. (have) a time machine.
A
wouldn’t change, had
B
would change, had
C
wouldn’t changed, had
D
would change, haved

Slide 19 -Quizvraag

Third Conditional
It talks about the past. It's used to describe a situation that didn't happen, and to imagine the result of this situation.

if + past perfect, ...would + have + past participle
If we had taken a taxi, we wouldn't have missed the plane

Slide 20 -Tekstslide

If she (study) she
(pass) the exam.

Slide 21 -Open vraag

If I _____(be) born in a different country, I (learn) to speak a different language.

Slide 22 -Open vraag

SUMMARY
Formation and use of the conditionals

Slide 24 -Tekstslide

Conditional sentences
• Geeft een voorwaarde aan (als...dan)
• Bestaat uit een hoofdzin en een bijzin
• als if in het eerste deel van de zin staat --> komma gebruiken
• als if in het tweede deel van de zin staat --> geen komma

Slide 25 -Tekstslide

The Zero Conditional
• Wordt gebruikt bij zaken die absoluut gebeuren: wetenschappelijke feiten en algemene waarheden
• if + present simple, present simple

• If you get too close to the sun, you melt
• If you cross a border, you enter another country
• if you heat up ice, it melts

Slide 26 -Tekstslide

Zero conditionals
We use zero conditionals to talk about general facts, when one event or action always happens as a logical result of another event or action.

Slide 27 -Tekstslide

If I put water in the freezer, ...
A
it is going to become ice.
B
it will become ice.
C
it becomes ice.

Slide 28 -Quizvraag

The First Conditional
• Als iets waarschijnlijk gaat gebeuren, nu of in de toekomst
• will + werkwoord ... if + present simple

• If he gets the day off, we will go to London
• We will be sad if Daniel leaves

Slide 29 -Tekstslide

First conditionals
We use the first conditionals to talk about a possible future action or situation, and its probable result.

Slide 30 -Tekstslide

If we
(go) on holiday this summer, we
(go) to Spain

Slide 31 -Open vraag

The Second Conditional
• Als het niet waarschijnlijk is dat iets gaat gebeuren, nu of in de toekomst
• if + past simple, would + werkwoord

• If we got the day off, we would go to London.
• We would all be sad if Daniel left

LET OP: In deze conditonal gebruik je bij 'be' altijd WERE
If I were you I would not help him

Slide 32 -Tekstslide

Second conditionals
We use the second conditionals to talk about hypothetical or unlikely situations, unreal or improbable actions now or in the future

Slide 33 -Tekstslide

If you (have) a better job, we
(be) able to buy a new car.

Slide 34 -Open vraag

The Third Conditional
• Bij zaken die absoluut niet gebeurd zijn in het verleden
• if + past perfect, would have + voltooid deelwoord

• If I had studied for my exams, I would have passed them.
• I would have bought that house if I had won the lottery.

Slide 35 -Tekstslide

Third conditional
We use the third conditional to talk about imaginary situations that did not happen, when the person is imagining a different past

Slide 36 -Tekstslide

She (pass) the exam if she
(study) harder.

Slide 37 -Open vraag

Exercise 1
Put the sentences in the zero conditional

Type the whole sentence

Slide 38 -Tekstslide

If you (breathe) chlorine you (die).

Slide 39 -Open vraag

If you (add) syrup to water you (make) lemonade.

Slide 40 -Open vraag

Exercise 2
Put the sentences in the first conditional

Type the whole sentence

Slide 41 -Tekstslide

If you (go) out with your friends tonight, I (watch) the football match on TV.

Slide 42 -Open vraag

I (earn) a lot of money if I (get) that job.

Slide 43 -Open vraag

If she (hurry / not), we (miss) the bus.

Slide 44 -Open vraag

Exercise 3
Put the sentences in the second conditional

Type the whole sentence

Slide 45 -Tekstslide

If he (try) harder, he (reach) his goals.

Slide 46 -Open vraag

19. I (buy) these shoes if they (fit).

Slide 47 -Open vraag

It (surprise / not) me if he (know / not) the answer.

Slide 48 -Open vraag

Exercise 4
Put the sentences in the third conditional

Type the whole sentence

Slide 49 -Tekstslide

If we (listen) to the radio, we (heard) the news.

Slide 50 -Open vraag

If you (switch) on the lights, you (fall/not) over the chair.

Slide 51 -Open vraag

She (come) to our party if she (be/not) on holiday.