Sentence analysis

Lesson plan
  • Lesson aims
  • Explanation (practice inbetween)
  • Exercises
  • Checking the answers
  • Final questions
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 5

In deze les zitten 19 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

Onderdelen in deze les

Lesson plan
  • Lesson aims
  • Explanation (practice inbetween)
  • Exercises
  • Checking the answers
  • Final questions

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Lesson aims
At the end of this lesson you can...
  • Identify any co- and subordinating conjunctions;
  • Split a sentence up into head- and subclauses;
  • Explain the difference between simple and complex sentences.

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Simple vs Complex

- Consists of only one clause.


- Consists of two or more clauses.
- Typically consists of one main clause and one subclause.

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Compound sentence
  • Typically consists of two clauses.
  • Two independent clauses.
  • Linked by a coordinating conjunction

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Which sentence is a complex sentence?
I ran to school.
I walked slowly, because I did not want to get sweaty.
Three adorable puppies are running after an old, chewed-up ball bouncing down the hall.
The old man is finally gone, but another has taken his place.

Slide 5 - Quizvraag

Which sentence is a simple sentence?
I have a brother and he is 24 years old.
I ran to the supermarket.
The waitresses are basking in the sun like a herd of skinned seals, their pinky-brown bodies shining with oil.
I ate the entire pizza, because I was hungry.

Slide 6 - Quizvraag

What is a clause?
  • Part of a sentence
  • Contains subject and predicator
  • Can be independent (main) or dependent (sub)

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

main vs sub
Main (independent)
  • Most important;
  • Gives meaning on its own;
  • Can be a simple sentence;
  • Contains a subject and predicator.
Sub (dependent)
  • Cannot be a sentence on its own;
  • Introduced by a subordinator;
  • Is a complement of the main clause.

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

How can you recognize a main clause?

Slide 9 - Open vraag

Which sentence contains a subclause?
Whales cannot breathe under water for they have lungs instead of gills.
Since it was Sunday, we went to church.
I rode my bike yesterday.
I had to run, because the train almost left.

Slide 10 - Quizvraag

  • Links two independent clauses.
  • Links a dependent clause with an independent clause;
  • it shows the relation between the clauses.

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Coordinating conjunctions
  • For
  • And
  • Nor
  • But
  • Or
  • Yet
  • S

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Subordinating conjunctions
  • Long list of subordinating conjunctions

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

What is the function of a coordinating conjunction?
Give meaning to a main clause.
Link a main clause and a subclause.
Link to main clauses.
Link two subclauses.

Slide 14 - Quizvraag

What can we use the conjunctions for when analyzing a sentence?
We can use them to identify what type of clause we are dealing with.
For splitting two clauses.
For finding the finite verbs.
We do not use them.

Slide 15 - Quizvraag

Write down the conjunctions and identify which type of conjunction it is.

- He went to the store just now but you won’t be able to catch him.
- She ran a red light and ignored a police officer.
- I will calm down if you would only lower your voice!
- He is listening, even though he excels in this subject.
- The red team will win, provided that they score enough goals.

Slide 16 - Open vraag

“Now when I had mastered the language of this water, and had come to know every trifling feature that bordered the great river as familiarly as I knew the letters of the alphabet, I had made a valuable acquisition. But I had lost something, too. I had lost something which could never be restored me while I lived. All the grace, the beauty, the poetry, had gone out of the majestic river!”

Write down all of the co- and subordinating conjunctions.
Also, think about the types of sentences that occur within this piece of text.

Slide 17 - Open vraag

Write down a simple and a complex sentence.

Slide 18 - Open vraag

Are there any final questions?

Slide 19 - Open vraag