Bricks 3 chapter 2


Cities and their functions
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 3

In deze les zitten 40 slides, met interactieve quiz en tekstslides.

Onderdelen in deze les


Cities and their functions

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

What is a city?!

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

What is a city?!

Slide 3 - Woordweb

What is a city?!

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

What is a city?!

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

What is a city?!

How many people?!

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

The first cities
fertile crescent
intersection of roads

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Organic growth
Planned growth

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Organic growth
Planned growth

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

The functions of cities

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

The functions of cities

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

The functions of cities

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

2.2 Brussels: a city of political power

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

1.  What is the function of an administrative centre?
2. How did the city of Brussels develop to become an administrative centre?
3. Why is Brussels a popular city for many NGOs?
4. How do the NGOs and EU institutions in Brussels influence the city?

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Middle Ages
- agricultural community, using fertile ground along the river
- trade, new routes (Bruges, Ghent, Cologne)

Result: an important political, economic and religious centre.

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

20th century and forward
- Industrial Revolution, workers migrating to the city

Result: agglomeration

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

Rejuvenation = The process in which a city’s older and decayed areas are reconstructed and restored.

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Rejuvenation of the Canal Zone in Brussels.
Rejuvenation as a part of urban renewal.

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Administrative centre = A city with a political function where important decisions are made.

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Brussels, capital city of the European Union

Geographical location
- between France and Germany
- central position
- multiple languages are spoken

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Slide 23 - Tekstslide


Slide 24 - Tekstslide

Effects on the city
An international city

Traffic jams..
Brussels in relation 
to the rest of Belgium..

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

2.3 London: international financial centre

Slide 26 - Tekstslide


Slide 27 - Tekstslide

The City, London’s financial heart.

Slide 28 - Tekstslide

1. How does London's history affect its current function?
2. What is the function of the financial centre?
3. What are the reasons for London becoming an international financial centre?
4. How does the financial sector in London influence living in the city?

Slide 29 - Tekstslide

London: international financial centre 
In London are a lot of financial institutions = Companies that provide loans, insurance and investment assistance.

How was it possible for London to gain such global importance?

Slide 30 - Tekstslide

London: international financial centre 
London is a financial centre (= A city with a strong focus on trade and the exchange of capital) of global importance.

The city has a service-based economy = An economy where the tertiary sector is the most important sector.

Number of universities > highly educated population.

Slide 31 - Tekstslide

Reasons for becoming a financial centre 
  1. Cultural reason: English is the most important language for verbal communication in international business.
  2. Geographical reason: London’s favourable geographical location in the world. It's a bridge between the US, Europe and Asian markets.
  3. Historical reason: London was once the centre of an empire that stretched all the way around the globe. 
  4. Political reason: Business-friendly environment in the CBD. Taxes for companies are kept low by the UK government, making it an attractive place for companies to be located. Furthermore, the infrastructure of the city is known to work well. Especially good is the access to aviation routes, with five airports located within easy reach of the city. There is also a direct train connection to France.

Slide 32 - Tekstslide

The consequences of the financial sector for London
  1.  House prices are very high. Only richer people can afford to live in the city centre;
  2. London has attracted people from higher cosmopolitan social classes and has become a very elite area;
  3. Modern architecture is often situated next to older Victorian buildings;
  4. Many Londoners living outside the centre feel disconnected to this part of the city;
  5. As more and more international companies settle in the city, the number of international people continues to increase.

Slide 33 - Tekstslide

2.4 Shanghai: city of transport and distribution

Slide 34 - Tekstslide


Slide 35 - Tekstslide

First Opium War = A series of military engagements, fought and won by the British, to force China to import opium.

Slide 36 - Tekstslide

Slide 37 - Tekstslide

Shanghai as 
transport hub
Transport hub
A city where goods are stored and distributed all over the world.

The world's busiest container port 
A harbour that specialises in the storage, handling and shipping of containers.

Slide 38 - Tekstslide

Strengths & weaknesses of Shanghai
  • Shanghai profits greatly from export. 
  • Reason: China joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) and signed free trade agreements with other nations. 
  • As a result, Shanghai not only exports a lot of products, but also attracts a lot of foreign direct investments (FDIs): companies are taken over or a new company is started, as production costs are lower here.

Slide 39 - Tekstslide

Slide 40 - Tekstslide