Attributions- Explanations for behavior, often for successes or failures.
Ego involvement - A determination of success whereby students compare their performances to those of others.
Fixed mindset- The brief that intelligence is fixed, not malleable.
Growth mindset- The belief that intelligence is modifiable by experience.
Intrinsic motivation- Motivation generated within the learner.
Macrosystem- In ecological systems theory, the cultural influences affecting a child.
Mastery goal orientation- Motivation to learn, to develop knowledge.
Self-efficacy- A learner's perception of his or her capability of reaching a desired goal or a certain level of performance.