C5.3 China - Lesson 9: Migration and urbanization

§5.3: Migration and urbanization
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§5.3: Migration and urbanization

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urban population
rural population

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Migration from the countryside to the cities
1980 - 80% lived on the countryside.
Today - Over 50% lives in cities.

The urbanisationrate increases.


Hukou system

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G240: the percentage of city dwellers
  • Level of urbanization in poor countries low.
  • grow cities faster than in rich countries. 
  • rural - urban migration.
  • urbanization rate = the increase in the level of urbanization.
  • high urbanization rate can lead to shanty tows/slums

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RURAL- URBAN migration
Population who lives in cities:
  • rich countries 80 %
  • poor countries 40 %

The increase in the level of urbanization.

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G226 Globalization and inequality
  • major impact on local, regional and national levels.
Causing a growing inequality between:
  • different income groups (social inequality)
  • different regions (regional inequality).

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G 145 Immigration and emigration
  • internal-migration
  • extrenal- migration

  • emigration
  • immigration.

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Income in China

  • There is a contrast between rural and urban incomes
  • the higher the amount of foreign investment, the higher the income
  • The higher the income, the higher the number of migrants living there (income is a pull factor).

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Core migration regions

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Urban renewal
  • Chinese cities changing fast (urbanization) 
  • Urban villages -  surrounded by urban development.
  • High housing density in migrant neighbourhoods  
  • Property developers play a major role in urban renewal.
  • Residents from demolished neighbourhoods have to move to flats in the suburbs.
  • Chinese people have differing ideas about the advantages and disadvantages of living in a flat.

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"Paspoort that says you have to stay in the area you were born in,"

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Read together:
Migration to the towns and cities
at page 76-77

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  1. You can explain why there is a floating population in China.
  2. You can name 3 thing you'll lose as a part of the floating population.

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Let's go!
  • Read C5.3 at p76-77
  • Use G3 & G226 your GeoGuide

Make question 5, 6, 7, 8 & 9

You're allowed to work together with your neighbour.

This is also the homework for the next lesson.

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  1. You can explain why there is mass migration from the countryside to the towns and cities (rural-urban migration) (G145).
  2. You can explain how globalisation processes often lead to social inequality and regional inequality (G226).
  3. You know the 5 different scale levels.
  4. You can explain why there is a floating population in China.
  5. You can describe how the appearance of towns and cities has changed.
  6. You can explain the difference between the terms urbanisation rate and urbanisation level (G240).

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C5.3: Emerging China
Make question 5, 6, 7, 8 & 9
We discuss the quiz as well

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