5.1 Lords and vassals, Franks and Frisians

5.1 Lords and vassals, Franks and Frisians
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 28 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

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5.1 Lords and vassals, Franks and Frisians

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

5.1 Lords and vassals, Franks and Frisians
How did leadership change after the fall of the Western Roman Empire?

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Local rulers
  • Without central rule, what happens?
  • Less protection (no army), no laws
  • No cities anymore

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Western Roman Empire
After the fall
Run centrally from Rome
Several local rulers
A professional army secured its protection
Cities disappeared or became villages
Local government in the hands of city officials
Bartering replaced money
Consequences of the fall of the W.R.E.
Main consequences:
More wars → the new local rulers wanted to conquer more territory in Europe. So it became less safe for people in Europe
Agricultural society→ Cities were a target for plundering so people moved away. Because of the dangers on the road merchants didn’t want to travel anymore. Roads + bridges had been destroyed → to make sure they had food people used agriculture to produce food again.

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

2. Why did people live safe lives during the time of
the Roman Empire? There are two correct answers.
Slaves were trained and given weapons to protect Roman families.
The Roman Empire had a professional army to secure its protection.
People in Roman times travelled as little as possible.
The Empire did not have competing rulers, but was run centrally from Rome.

Slide 5 - Quizvraag

The Franks
  • A Germanic people
  • Had no cities - Did not know how to write
  • Not one, but several rulers 

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

The Frankish Empire
  • Started by Childeric (440-482)
  • His son Clovis (466-511) united the Franks
  • Had a warrior culture ; it was common to fight

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

3. How did Clovis increase his power?
(two answers)

Slide 8 - Open vraag

4. Read the source.
Why did people fear Clovis?

Slide 9 - Open vraag

5. Why was the death of a Frankish king often followed
by a war or splitting up of the Empire?

Slide 10 - Open vraag

Lords and Vassals
  • Lords is the term used for rulers, such as kings
  • Named their most loyal soldiers vassals 
  • Benefits for lord: they fight for him and gave respect
  • Benefits for vassals: closer to lord; different jobs based on loyalty
Loyal followers of a lord with special rights

Slide 11 - Tekstslide


Slide 12 - Sleepvraag

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Name two germanic tribes that lived next to the Franks

Slide 14 - Open vraag

The Frisians
  • Other Germanic tribe that lived north of the Franks.
  • Charles Martel (718-741) defeated the Frisians in battle.
  • 734 AD: Slach oan de Boarn

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

7. Where did the two Germanic tribes live? Drag to the right position.


Slide 16 - Sleepvraag

Charlemagne (768-814)
  • Most powerful Frankish ruler
  • Defeated the Saxons and conquered parts of Italy
  • Reminiscent      of the power of Roman Emperors
  • Even crowned emperor by the pope
Doet denken aan

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

9. In Dutch Charlemagne is called.....

Slide 19 - Open vraag

10. Which event is shown on the painting?

Slide 20 - Open vraag

11. On the coin below, you can see a portrait of Charlemagne.
Was this coin made before or after 800 AD? Use the coin
to explain your answer.

Slide 21 - Open vraag

What is?
continuity and discontinuity (in history lessons)?

Continuity: this means that somethings continues, or "keeps going on" . 
For example: After the fall of the western Roman empire Christianity continued as an important religion.

Discontinuity: this means that something ends and is replaced by something different (it does NOT continue)
For example: When the Roman monarchy ended and Rome became a Republic.
A system of government was replaced by a very different system. So this is "discontinuity".

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

500 AD
International trade
Latin language
use of money
Roman roads
living in cities
Rome: the center of Christianity
literacy and education

Slide 23 - Sleepvraag

12. For the Franks and other Germanic tribes a lot of things also
changed or continued.
Choose 'continuity' if it was an idea they already had before they conquered the Roman empire . Choose 'discontinuity' if they adopted the idea from the Romans.
a. The Germanic tribes had several rulers.

Slide 24 - Quizvraag

12b. The Frankish ruler Clovis converted to Christianity.

Slide 25 - Quizvraag

12c. Gift-giving was used by Frankish lords to
guarantee the
loyalty of his followers.

Slide 26 - Quizvraag

12d. The power and property of the Frankish
kings was hereditary

Slide 27 - Quizvraag

What to do now?
  • Open LessonUp on your laptop
  • Or make worksheet 5.3

Slide 28 - Tekstslide