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SST - the danger of a single story

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What is the first thing that comes to mind when you hear the word 'Africa'?
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Slide 1: Woordweb
MaatschappijleervwoLeerjaar 4

In deze les zitten 40 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 6 videos.

time-iconLesduur is: 50 min

Onderdelen in deze les

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What is the first thing that comes to mind when you hear the word 'Africa'?

Slide 1 - Woordweb

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Slide 3 - Video

What message does this
video send about Africa?
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Slide 4 - Open vraag

Slide 5 - Video

Turn & talk: what could the
message behind this video be?
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Slide 6 - Open vraag

This week's learning objectives
Key concepts: power, stereotype, framing, frame of reference, selective perception, objectivity/subjectivity, discrimination, social inequality

  • You can recognize these concepts in your daily life (your own thinking, media, discussions, etc.)
  • You can explain how these concepts reinforce one another

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Slide 9 - Video

What does Adichie mean with
'the danger of a single story'?
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Slide 10 - Open vraag

Slide 11 - Video

What does Adichie say about the role
of power in creating a single story?
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Slide 12 - Open vraag

Power
= the ability to make people do what you want them to do

''How stories are told, who tells them, when they're told, how many stories are told, are really dependent on power. Power is the ability not just to tell the story of another person, but to make it the definitive story of that person."

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Stereotype
= A fixed image of a group of people, by which you apply the same characteristics to all the members of the group. 
Example: Africans are poor

''The single story creates stereotypes and the problem with stereotypes is not that they are untrue, but that they are incomplete. They make one story become the only story.''

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Turn & talk: discuss how this African proverb relates to stereotypes & power.
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Slide 16 - Tekstslide

 4 C's reflection
  • What connections do you draw between her talk and your own life? Have you experienced other examples of single stories?
  • What ideas or assumptions do you want to challenge/disagree with? Which questions did her talk raise?
  •  What key concepts or ideas do you think are important and worth holding on to from her talk?
  • What changes in attitudes, thinking, or action are suggested by her talk, either for you or others?


Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Slide 18 - Video

Turn & talk: which stereotypes about refugees do these headlines convey? 
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Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Framing
= The use of specific language and images (e.g. in media, by politicians, etc.) to invoke certain emotions and thereby influence the way people think about a certain issue. 
(not negative or positive, impossible to avoid!)

Example: Trump negatively frames the mainstream media by systematically calling them 'fake news'

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

This week's learning objectives
Key concepts: power, stereotype, framing, frame of reference, objectivity/subjectivity, selective perception, discrimination, social inequality

  • You can recognize these concepts in your daily life (your own thinking, media, discussions, etc.)
  • You can explain how these concepts reinforce one another

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Turn & talk: how does the message conveyed by the first headline differ from the second headline?
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Slide 23 - Tekstslide

Frame of reference
= All the knowledge, experiences, norms, values and customs you possess, the 'glasses' through which you see the world and filter information.
Objectivity: truth independent from one's frame of reference (universal)
Subjectivity: truth within one's frame of reference (personal)

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

Selective perception
= confirmation bias, people do not receive information objectively but tend to ''see what they want to see'' (what confirms their beliefs) and ignore what does not fit in their frame of reference

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

Slide 27 - Tekstslide

Slide 28 - Link

What does Wijnberg mean when he says
that 'real news is an even bigger problem
than fake news'?
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Slide 29 - Open vraag

Turn & talk: discuss how this cartoon relates to framing, selective perception, stereotypes and power.
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Slide 30 - Tekstslide

Ground rules for class discussions
When you are talking:
1. Speak audibly
2. Build on what has been said (opinion/addition/question)
When you are not talking:
3. Look a the person who is talking to show that you are actually listening
4. Don't interrupt (not by raising your hand either)

Slide 31 - Tekstslide

Discuss the following statement Lagerhuis style (stand up, left side: in favour, right side: against)

Journalists can and should report the news objectively.


Use the following sentence starters:
  • I (dis)agree with..., because...
  • I would like to add to... that...
  • I have a question about.../Could you explain...?

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Slide 32 - Tekstslide

Slide 33 - Link

Words have real consequences...
These processes of power, stereotypes, framing, and selective perception reinforce each other and contribute to discrimination and social inequality (= the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different groups within a society)

Social studies will help you to recognize and analyze this process!

Slide 34 - Tekstslide

Choose a social issue you care about


Social issues...
  • have consequences for large groups of people in a society
  • have to do with conflicting interests (people have different opinions on the issue) 
  • demand shared solutions (new laws and regulations) 
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Slide 35 - Tekstslide

Brainstorm

What do you already know about this issue?
What do you want to find out about this issue?
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Slide 36 - Tekstslide

Research
Find 3 reliable sources (documentaries, reports, articles, podcasts, etc.) about the issue
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Slide 37 - Tekstslide

Write a short introduction about your chosen issue


Is it a local/national/international issue?
Who are the main actors involved?
What are the main causes and consequences?
Why is it important to you and the rest of society?


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Slide 38 - Tekstslide

Slide 39 - Video

Who are the actors involved in this issue?

Slide 40 - Woordweb