Chapter 4- Notes

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History12th Grade

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Slide 1 - Tekstslide

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Chapter 4- 
The Federal System
Federalism: Division of power between the federal government and the state government

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

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Section 1- National & State Powers
Section 2- Relations Among the States
Section 3- Developing Federalism
Section 4- Federlism & Politics

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Quiz- Friday: September 27
- Vocab Due

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The Division of Powers of Government:
National Government
State Government

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The national government is superior to the state government. This is through the supremacy clause

Some powers are denied within the constitution: 
- National government cannot tax exports
- Cannot interfere with the ability of states to carry out their responsibilities
- States cannot make foreign alliances or make their own money

National Government:
- 3 types of powers expressedimplied, inherent. These powers are known as Delegated Powers

- Stated in the consitution

- Authority needed to carry out gov't powers

- Powers because they are the gov't

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Expressed: levy and collect taxes, coin money, to make war, raise an army and navy and regulate commerce 

Inherent: control immigration and establish diplomatic relations with other countries
National Gov't v. State Gov't Obligations:
National Gov't
State Gov't
- Each state republican form of gov't
- Protect the states from invasion: an attack on any state is an attack on the US
- Respect the territories 
- Conduct & pay for elections
- Play a key role in amending the constitution
(3/4 approval of all states)

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Interstate Relations:
- The Constituion requires the states do the following:
  1. Give "full faith & credit" to the laws, records and court         decisisions of other states
  2. All citizens have the smae privileges & immunities from other states
  3. Extradite

**Applies only to civil law

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Civil law- laws relating to disputes between individuals, groups or with the state 
If you commit a crime in CA and travel to NV, what is it called when they send you back to CA?

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Disputes Among the States:
- Disputes among states must be solved peacfully
          -interstate compacts & sometimes lawsuits

- Suits between 2 or more states are heard in the Supreme Court (only court states can sue each other)
Interestate Compacts:
- Air
- Water pollution
- Transportation
- Pest control

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INTERSTATE COMPACTS- written agreements between 2 or more states and approved by congress

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States Rights Position v. Nationalist Position:
States Rights Position:
- Closer to the people and more intouch with the people
- President Reagan endorded "new federalism" putting more power in the state
Nationalists Position:
- Stands for all the people, not some of the people
- First set in McCulloch v. Marlyland

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

States- favor state and local action in dealing with problems
Nationalists- favors national action in dealing with problems
States Right Position v. Nationalist Position:
Nationalists Position
States Right Position
Closer to people
Necessary & proper clause
Agent of the states
Stands for all the people

Slide 13 - Sleepvraag

States- favor state and local action in dealing with problems
Nationalists- favors national action in dealing with problems
Growing National Government: 
- As the national government has grown, Congress has developed two major ways to influence policies of the states:

- Federal money is granted only if the state is willing to meet certain conditions
Mandating policies
- Preemption
**Civil Rights Act of 1964 (regulating interstate commerce)
**16th Amendment

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Preemption- the federal governments ability to take over a state government function (No Child Left Behind Act)

16th amendment-The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
Federalism & Public Policy:
- Federalism lessens the risk of one political- party gaining a monopoly on government power
- When a government settles on a course of action to an issue or problem, we call it public policy 
- Federalism allows more opportunity for
people to particpate in government (local-
state- national)
- Federlism contributes to economic & social
differnece among the states because it permits
each state freedom

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Picture- United States Conference of Mayors: organization formed to help local politicians keep in touch with national lawmakers