1.1 What is Geography?

1.1 What is geography?
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AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 1

This lesson contains 18 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

Items in this lesson

1.1 What is geography?

Slide 1 - Slide

After studying this section, you will be able to:
  • Explain what is meant by geography;
  • Explain the difference between physical geography and human geography;
  • Describe what is meant by geography, using keywords and proper English phrases;
  • Use commas and decimal points in numbers.

Slide 2 - Slide

What is geography?
Geo = Land, graphy = to study.    
Geography = To study the world in which we live.

What makes life on Earth possible?
  1. Perfect distance from the sun;
  2. Water in liquid form;
  3. Enough oxygen for us to breathe.

Slide 3 - Slide

Slide 4 - Slide

Slide 5 - Slide

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Physical geography
about nature on planet Earth
Human geography
about people living in this world

Slide 8 - Slide

Natural landscape
(no influence of humans)
Man-made landscape
(influenced by humans)

Slide 9 - Slide

Physical geography

Slide 10 - Mind map

Human geography

Slide 11 - Mind map

What kind of landscape does the figure show?
Natural landscape
Man-made landscape
Physical landscape
Human landscape

Slide 12 - Quiz

What kind of landscape does the figure show?
Natural landscape
Man-made landscape
Physical landscape
Human landscape

Slide 13 - Quiz

Talking point
How many different human elements can you identify in the landscape where you live? Would you like to change anything about this landscape?

Slide 14 - Slide

How to use commas and decimal points in numbers
The English reverse the use of commas (,) and decimal points (.) in numbers compared to Dutch. In Dutch, a period means multiples of thousand. So, a Dutch person would write ‘2.200 jaar oud’, while in English you would write ‘2,200 years old’. The opposite exists as well: Dutch uses a comma, where English uses a decimal point. ‘7.5 million’ in English, pronounced as seven point eight million, means the same as ‘7,5 miljoen’ in Dutch.

Slide 15 - Slide

Geography in the news
Knowing about geography is important for understanding the news!

Example: There is extreme hunger in the African country of Ethiopia.
  • Physical geography:  Some parts of Africa have a climate with long dry periods and climate change can make things worse for people living in these parts of Africa.
  • Human geography: Will they migrate to other countries? Will they seek help in refugee camps? Which aid agencies exist to help these people? Do people in rich countries help people in poor countries?

Geography helps you to figure these things out!

Slide 16 - Slide

  • In geography, we study planet Earth and its inhabitants. 
  • Physical geography studies the natural features and the processes on and inside the Earth. Human geography studies the human activities around the world. 
  • Landscapes can be natural (formed by nature) or man-made (shaped by humans). 
  • Geography helps us to understand what happens on Earth.

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Homework 1HVT
Friday 18 September, 6th hour:
  • Read 1.1
  • Do ex. 1 to 11

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