Recap Grammar Unit 3 & 4 (Y3)

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This lesson contains 19 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

Items in this lesson

Slide 1 - Slide

In today's lesson:
Full recap of the grammar in Unit 3 & 4
Quizlet Live

Slide 2 - Slide

Grammar Unit 3 & 4:
Would + Used to
(don’t) have to / ought to / should(n’t) / must
had (’d) better (not)
can(’t) / must(n’t)
Zero, First and second conditional (review)
Time conjunctions
wish and if only

Slide 3 - Slide

Would + Used to
1 We use the expression used to + verb to talk about habits and customs in the past that are no longer true.
2 It is also possible to use would + verb to talk about habits and customs in the past.
3 The difference between used to and would is that we can only use would for repeated actions – we cannot use it for a permanent state or situation.

Slide 4 - Slide

I ... go to school, but I graduated last year.

Slide 5 - Open question

When I was a kid, I ... watch cartoons in the morning.

Slide 6 - Open question

(don’t) have to / ought to / should(n’t) / must

1 We use have to to say ‘this is important or necessary’. We use must to say that we, or other people, have an obligation to do something.
2 We use don’t have to to say this is NOT important or necessary.
3 We use should or ought to to tell someone that
something is a good idea.

Slide 7 - Slide

had (’d) better (not)
We use had / ’d better (not) to advise or warn people in strong terms. It is used to tell people about negative results in the future if they do / don’t do something.
The form is always past (had) and it is often shortened to ’d.

Slide 8 - Slide

You .... not walk on that ice, it is too thin!

Slide 9 - Open question

You ... go to that party, you are grounded!

Slide 10 - Open question

can(’t) / must(n’t)
1 When we want to talk or ask about permission,
we often use the modal verb can / can’t.
2 To say what isn’t allowed, we use can’t or mustn’t.

Slide 11 - Slide

Zero conditional: (scientific) facts, Present simple in the main and if clause 
'If you freeze water, it turns into ice.'
First conditional: real situations and their consequences. It consists of two clauses. The if + present simple clause introduces the possible situation or condition. The will / won’t clause gives the result or consequence.
'If you leave that door open, the cat will get out.'

Slide 12 - Slide

Second conditional: hypothetical or very unlikely situations and their (imaginary) consequences. Two clauses. The if + past simple clause introduces the hypothetical situation. The would clause gives the imagined result or consequence.

'If I had a dog, I would call it Henk.' 

Slide 13 - Slide

If I were a millionaire...

Slide 14 - Open question

Snakes bite if ... (scared)

Slide 15 - Open question

If you leave that door open...

Slide 16 - Open question

Time conjunctions
We can join ideas about future actions or situations using words like: if, unless, until, when, as soon as
When we use these words, we use them with the present simple tense (not will / won’t) even though the clause refers to the future.
'She won’t be happy if you forget her birthday.'

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Wish and if only
1 We use wish or if only + past simple to say that we would like a present situation to be different from what it actually is.
2 We use wish / if only + could to talk about wanting to have the ability or permission to do something.
3 If there is a situation we don’t like (for example, someone is doing or always does something that annoys us) we can use wish / if only + would(n’t).

Slide 18 - Slide

Slide 19 - Link