Pruiken en revoluties - Les 2


- Where did we left off last week?

- Paragraph 2.3: The French Revolution, part I
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Slide 1: Slide
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolmavoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 15 slides, with interactive quiz and text slides.

Items in this lesson


- Where did we left off last week?

- Paragraph 2.3: The French Revolution, part I

Slide 1 - Slide

What do you remember from last week?

Slide 2 - Slide

Slide 3 - Slide

Slide 4 - Slide

Who was the inventor of the 'Trias Politica'?
John Locke

Slide 5 - Quiz

2.3 Revolution in France: What happened?!

Slide 6 - Slide

An empty treasury
Expensive wars led to immense debt for France.
In 1789 King Louis XVI summoned the Estates-General (Staten-Generaal) to find a way to pay off the debt via taxing the first and second estate. 

This was the first time since 1654 that the Estates-General had been summoned, so it was a big deal!

Slide 7 - Slide

King Louis XVI of France

Slide 8 - Slide

The French estate system
France had a estate system (klassen systeem): A system where the population is divided into estates with their own rights and duties.

First estate: Clergy  
Second estate: Nobility  
Third estate: rest of the people

Third estate were farmers or prominent citizens or labourers.

Slide 9 - Slide

Slide 10 - Slide

First two estates had many privileges:
- Only nobleman could become army officers
- Did not had to pay taxes to the king 

Only the third estate had to pay taxes. Not only directly but also over the price of food, which made life very expensive

Slide 11 - Slide

The Estates-General meet
1789: States-General comes together in Versailles.
Disagreement about the way of voting
Each estate had one vote. Does that sound fair to you?

The third estate declares themselves the National Assembly (Nationale Vergadering), they now represent the French people

Slide 12 - Slide

Slide 13 - Slide

The National Assembly abolished all privileges of the 1st and 2nd estate. 

In september 1791 the constitution (grondwet) was completed
France became a constitutional monarchy (constitutionele monarchie)
>> What does this mean?

Slide 14 - Slide

Work independently 
Reproduction:1, 3, 4, 5a,

Understanding:1, 2, 3, 4,

Apply: 7,


Slide 15 - Slide