French revolution - 2

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Slide 1: Slide
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolmavo, havoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 16 slides, with text slides.

Items in this lesson

Today's planning

New info

Working individually & Mindmap check

Slide 1 - Slide

Goal of this lesson
You will learn about...

What made people rise up against the French king and what the National Assembly is

Slide 2 - Slide

Because of the scientific
revolution people started
thinking in a new way. 

What do we call this
new way of thinking?

Slide 3 - Slide


What does this picture have to do with the Englightenment?

Slide 4 - Slide

Give the name of at least 
one enlightenment 

Slide 5 - Slide

Making 1 assignment together
Go to page 35 in your workbook & page 28-29 in your textbook

Make assignment 5

Slide 6 - Slide

2.3 Revolution in France: What happened?!

Slide 7 - Slide

An empty treasury
Expensive wars led to immense debt for France.
In 1789 King Louis XVI summoned the Estates-General (Staten-Generaal) to find a way to pay off the debt via taxing the first and second estate. 

This was the first time since 1654 that the Estates-General had been summoned, so it was a big deal!

Slide 8 - Slide

King Louis XVI of France

Slide 9 - Slide

The French estate system
France had a estate system (klassen systeem): A system where the population is divided into estates with their own rights and duties.

First estate: Clergy  
Second estate: Nobility  
Third estate: rest of the people

Third estate were farmers or prominent citizens or labourers.

Slide 10 - Slide

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First two estates had many privileges:
- Only nobleman could become army officers
- Did not had to pay taxes to the king 

Only the third estate had to pay taxes. Not only directly but also over the price of food, which made life very expensive

Slide 12 - Slide

The Estates-General meet
1789: States-General comes together in Versailles.
Disagreement about the way of voting
Each estate had one vote. Does that sound fair to you?

The third estate declares themselves the National Assembly (Nationale Vergadering), they now represent the French people

Slide 13 - Slide

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The National Assembly abolished all privileges of the 1st and 2nd estate. 

In september 1791 the constitution (grondwet) was completed
France became a constitutional monarchy (constitutionele monarchie)
>> What does this mean?

Slide 15 - Slide

What to do now?
Read paragraph 2.3 
and make a timeline of it. 
Write down all the important events!

You can get blanc paper from 
the cabinet.

Slide 16 - Slide