4.5 Roman-Germanic contacts

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4.4 The rise of Christianity
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Slide 1: Slide
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This lesson contains 28 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

Items in this lesson

Last lesson
4.4 The rise of Christianity

Slide 1 - Slide

What kind of faiths are Judaism and Christianity?

Slide 2 - Quiz

Explain what attracted people to Christianity.

Slide 3 - Open question

Why did many Romans hate the Christians in the beginning?

Slide 4 - Open question

Explain why religious tolerance in the empire ended in 392 AD.

Slide 5 - Open question

Before the arrival of the Romans, the Netherlands....
  • A harsh area of swamps and forests.
  • A agricultural society
  • In the Southern Netherlands the Celts lived
  • Germanic people live in the northern netherlands

Slide 6 - Slide

Romans in the Netherlands
The Celts were subdued by Julius Ceasar, after a revolt the Romans ask Germanic Batavians to settle in the area between the Maas and Rhine rivers. 

Slide 7 - Slide

The Rhine as border
Germanic tribes are too strong for the Romans. Roman expansion comes to an end The Rhine becomes the border of the empire. The Romans form an alliance with the Batavians.

Slide 8 - Slide

  • Limes: fortified northern border of the Roman Empire.
  • Why?: Easy to defend an to transport goods.
  • Romans built forts along the Rhine to protect the border.

Slide 9 - Slide

Why did the Limes (Rhine) become the border of the Roman Empire?

Slide 10 - Open question

Roman influence
  • Founding of cities (Utrecht, Nijmegen, Maastricht)
  • Romanisation: adopting Greco-Roman culture
  • End of prehistory in the Southern Netherlands, Romans teach inhabitants of the Southern Netherlands to write

Slide 11 - Slide


Slide 12 - Slide

Explanation: A German invites a Roman to his home
(Use this image for the next question)

Slide 13 - Slide

Why does the image fit with romanisation?

Slide 14 - Open question

Batavians settled in the Netherlands
The Celts rebelled
The Celts were murdered, expelled or deported by the Romans.
Romans conquered southern Netherlands
Romans asked Germanic people to settle in the area.

Slide 15 - Drag question

4.5 Roman-Germanic contacts
Time of Greeks and Romans

Slide 16 - Slide

You can explain:
  • How Romans and people of the south of the Netherlands treated each other.
  • How the Rhine became the nothern border of the empire.

Slide 17 - Slide

You can explain:
  • What influence the Romans had on life in the south of the Netherlands.
  • How the Western Roman empire ended.

Slide 18 - Slide

395 AD. Split of the empire

Slide 19 - Slide

The Western-Roman empire
  •  Language: Latin
  • Capital: Rome
  • Many fights over the power in Rome
  • Ends in: 476 AD

Slide 20 - Slide

The Eastern-Roman empire
  • Language: Greeks
  • Capital: Constantinople (now: Istanbul)
  • Ends in: 1453 AD. (Byzantine Empire)

Slide 21 - Slide

The end.... 

Slide 22 - Slide

  • infectious diseases reduce the number of people living in the country, which in turn reduces production and trade. (Example: Coronavirus and China now)
  • Migrations.
  • Bad emperors who are mainly concerned with their own quarrels (civil wars) and with feasts
  • The limes is being neglected
  • Germanic peoples succeed in invading the empire by force.

Slide 23 - Slide

Great migrations

Slide 24 - Slide

The real end
Vandals --> plunder the city of Rome several times.

In 476 AD, a non-Roman general becomes emperor, with this we (history people) consider that the end of the Roman Empire has come.

Slide 25 - Slide

Slide 26 - Video

What is NOT a cause of the fall of the Western Roman Empire?
Decreasing amount of soldiers
A border conflict with Germanic tribes

Slide 27 - Quiz

Aan de slag
Wat: Lezen 4.5 (blz.81) en maken opdracht 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8 (blz.
Klaar: Werken aan samenvattingsdossier (Classroom)

Slide 28 - Slide