In 2022 the population of the world reached 8 billion people, the vast majority of whom live in the developing world. The world’s population is spread unevenly across the globe with concentrations of large numbers of people living in the same area. The world as a whole has more ‘empty’ areas than ‘crowded’ areas. There are several physical and human factors to explain this.
Population density and distribution are influenced by a number of factors:
1. Availability of freshwater.
2. Communications (roads, railways, airports).
3. Proximity to the coastline.
4. Cities and their opportunities.
5. The shape (relief) of the land.