Dig Into Ancient Ireland

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Dig into Ancient Ireland
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Slide 1: Slide
HistoryPrimary Education

This lesson contains 15 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 15 min

Items in this lesson

Ancient Egypt sample
Dig into Ancient Ireland

Slide 1 - Slide

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When you see this symbol in the lesson:
Use what you already know 

Learn some new facts

Get ready to take part

Reflect on what you have learned

Slide 2 - Slide

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Key Words and Definitions
The Neolithic is a period of history, generally thought to have occurred sometime around 10,000 BCE. During that time, people learned to raise crops and keep animals, and so did not have to rely on hunting, fishing, and gathering wild plants. They made useful stone tools by grinding and polishing relatively hard rocks. Growing cereal grains meant they were able to build permanent homes and gave them the time to pursue specialised crafts.
Neolithic
Domestication is the process of adapting wild plants and animals for human use. Domestic species are raised for food, work, clothing, medicine, and many other uses. Domesticated plants and animals must be raised and cared for by humans. Domesticated species are not wild.
Domestication

Slide 3 - Slide

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What do you already 
know about how people collected food during 
the Neolithic period?

Slide 4 - Mind map

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The change to a farming lifestyle
(
(
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The adoption of farming started 
during the Neolithic period. 

Hunting animals          Bred and reared animals 
Gathering plants          Grew and harvested plants

People no longer had to move around the landscape in search of food, but instead they could settle in the one location.

Slide 5 - Slide

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Which crops were the farmers able to grow?
Drag and drop those crops into the basket...
wheat
barley
lettuce
green beans
oats
potatoes
tomatoes
rye

Slide 6 - Drag question

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The domestication of animals 
Wild species were gradually domesticated into breeds which could be farmed, a process which resulted in animals with traits which humans desired. For example, larger size, reduced aggression, increased reproduction rate.


Slide 7 - Slide

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This animal was called an 'auroch'. 
What common farm animal do you think it turned into?

Slide 8 - Open question

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This animal was called a 'mouflon'.
What common farm animal do you think it turned into?

Slide 9 - Open question

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This animal was called a 'wild boar'.
What common farm animal do you think it turned into?

Slide 10 - Open question

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What were the advantages and 
disadvantages of the Neolithic lifestyle?
Advantages
Disadvantages
Poorer nutrition:
diets of farmers was not as diverse as that of hunter-gatherers
Larger communities lead to villages, towns, cities and civilisations
Use of other resources, such as milk, wool, and traction (using animals to pull ploughs).
Life expectancies and stature (height)   decreased
Risk of famine
when crops failed
Risk of diseases: many people living in one place
Crops and animals became more readily available

Slide 11 - Drag question

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The Neolithic lifestyle
Disadvantages
Advantages
Crops and animals became more readily available
 

Larger communities lead to the development of villages, towns, cities and civilisations
 

Domestic agriculture was able to develop the use of other resources, such as milk, wool, and traction 
Poor nutrition: the diets of farmers were not very diverse compared to hunter-gatherers 

Life expectancies and stature (height) decreased

Risk of famine when crops failed

Risk of diseases: many people living in one place

Slide 12 - Slide

Wild species were gradually domesticated into breeds which could be farmed, a process which resulted
in animals with traits which humans desired. For example, larger size, reduced aggression, increased
reproduction rate. Wild boar were domesticated into pigs; aurochs (wild cattle) were domesticated
into cows; and mouflon (wild sheep) became domesticated sheep. The Neolithic domesticated species
would have looked more like the wild species than our modern domesticated animals.

What did you learn during this lesson?

Slide 13 - Open question

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How did you enjoy this lesson?
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Slide 14 - Poll

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To learn more, check out our Dig Into Ancient Ireland learning resources and try out our Ancient Ireland Minecraft World!

 www.ulstermuseum.org/workshop/ancient-ireland 

Slide 15 - Slide

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