5.4 Written Culture of the Early Middle Ages

5.4 Written culture of the Early Middle Ages
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GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 1

This lesson contains 15 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson

5.4 Written culture of the Early Middle Ages

Slide 1 - Slide

Learning goal:
At the end of the lesson you will be able to explain why it was important written culture was maintained in the Early Middle Ages.

Slide 2 - Slide

To start off....
  • Read pages 111-114 in your textbook
  • Done reading? look at the next slides and check if you understand everything
  • Write any questions you have down

Slide 3 - Slide

The three pillars of the medieval world
  • The Early Middle Ages consisted of three pillars: the classical, the Christian and the Germanic civilisations
  • The three civilisations influenced each other and also mixed to form a new one

Slide 4 - Slide

Preserving ideas
  • Some important Christian thinkers with lasting influence were called church fathers
  • Boethius (480-524) and Cassiodorus (485-580) wanted to make sure Roman and Greek knowledge was passed on to the next generation, monks followed their example
  • Schools for priests and bishops concentrated on Latin Language and literature

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Germanic laws
  • Bishops who were educated in written administration were important for government
  • Germanic law concentrated mostly on criminal law
  • the laws consisted out of lists of offences and their weregild

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Literature and history
  • Most other written works focused on religion
  • For instance Hagiographies, biographies of saints, became an important literary genre
  • Other religious works include: sermons, Bible commentaries and essays about sins and virtues
  • Gregory of Tours and Bede wrote about life in the Early Middle Ages

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Carolingian Renaissance
  • Charlemagne founded schools were students were taught grammar, maths and geometry
  • He introduced a uniform script: the Carolingian Miniscule
  • He urged clergy to deliver mass like the Romans did and a new music style called Gregorian music was established
  • The great cultural stimulation was called: Carolingian Renaissance

Slide 8 - Slide

Fines that had to be paid after a crime to the victim or his family
Early Christian thinkers who had a lasting influence
Biography of a saint or holy person
The cultural stimulation under Charlemagne
Carolingian Renaissance
Church Fathers

Slide 9 - Drag question

What happened in the Carolingian Renaissance?
Two things Roman writing and Latin were used for
Two scholars who preserved classical works
Trial by ordeal
Recording law and religious texts.
Boethius (480-524)
Cassiodorus (485-580)
Schools were set up.
 A uniform script was introduced. 
Gregorian music was established

Slide 10 - Drag question

True or false
Charlemagne could not write
Books were made out of papyrus
Written administration was developed by bishops
three pillars of the medieval world were:
The classical, the Christian and Arabic civilisations
The Catholic doctrine are the teachings of the church
Trial and ordeal was always used in the Early Middle Ages

Slide 11 - Drag question

Key words
Church Fathers: early Christian thinkers who had a lasting influence
Doctrine: the teachings of the church
Criminal law: lists of crimes and their fines
Weregild: fines that had to be paid to the victim or his family
Trial by ordeal: trial based on the idea that God would perform a miracle to save the innocent
Hagiography: biography of a saint or holy person
Parchment: treated animal skin, used to write on
Illuminator: someone who illustrates books
Miniature: small drawing in medieval book
Carolingian Renaissance: the cultural stimulation under Charlemagne

Slide 12 - Slide

Write down three things you have learned this lesson

Slide 13 - Open question

Ask one question about something that is not clear to you yet

Slide 14 - Open question

Slide 15 - Slide