2.4 Causes of uneven development

2.4 Causes of uneven development
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Slide 1: Slide
AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 1

This lesson contains 10 slides, with text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson

2.4 Causes of uneven development

Slide 1 - Slide

  • Explain uneven development in the world by describing different physical and human factors;
  • Explain that there is no single reason for underdevelopment.

Slide 2 - Slide

Physical reasons

Most LEDCs in the South are in a dry and infertile region:

  • Risk of drought = long periode with little or no rainfall.
  • Effects: No drinking water, no water for cattle or to grow crops, famine can occur (lack of food for people).
  • Famine is an example of a natural hazard: an extreme natural event that can endanger human life (other examples: hurricanes, earthquakes, etc.).
  • Climate change can lead to heavier natural hazards.

Slide 3 - Slide

Drought causing the death of cattle in East Africa.

Slide 4 - Slide

Colonialism: a human factor

History: LEDCs were colonies of rich European countries.

Main reason: natural resources = precious materials

provided by the earth that humans can make use of.

In the 20th century countries became independent.

The North created countries with artificial borders;

Civil wars occured (wars between groups of people in a country.

Slide 5 - Slide

Political failures

Poor governance = when a government does not take the responsibility to take care of the needs of their citizens.

Corruption = the abuse of power for personal gain.

Slide 6 - Slide

Economic failures
Unfair trade = when one of the trading parties is not treated fairly.

Protectionism = when countries protect their own market by banning or restricting foreign products.

Neo-colonialism = a new form of colonialism in which poor countries are still dependent on rich countries.

Slide 7 - Slide

A form of protectionism with sugar

Slide 8 - Slide

Slide 9 - Video

Homework 1HVT
Friday 18 December, 6th hour:
  • Task: Read 2.4 and do ex. 1 to 4, 7, 8 and 10 
  • Task with choice: Make a summary or mindmap of 2.4 

  • Challenge task: Do ex. 5 + 9 

  • Remedial task: Study the essence + definitions of 2.4 (textbook pages 43 + 50) 

Slide 10 - Slide