Most LEDCs in the South are in a dry and infertile region:
History: LEDCs were colonies of rich European countries.
Main reason: natural resources = precious materials
provided by the earth that humans can make use of.
In the 20th century countries became independent.
The North created countries with artificial borders;
Civil wars occured (wars between groups of people in a country.
Poor governance = when a government does not take the responsibility to take care of the needs of their citizens.
Neo-colonialism = a new form of colonialism in which poor countries are still dependent on rich countries.