Use of English

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EngelsMiddelbare schoolmavoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 33 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

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Slide 1 - Slide

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TODAY:

Check WB page 18 & 19
Use of English - Word Formation

Slide 2 - Slide

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Slide 3 - Slide

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BIRTH OF A NOUN
This lesson helps to revise and consolidate forming verbs, adjectives and adverbs from nouns; the skill that comes in handy when dealing with Use of English, Part 3. 

Slide 6 - Slide

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QUICK RECAP
What is a (an):


Noun
Verb
Adjective
Adverb

Slide 7 - Slide

Noun: Person, place, thing or an idea or feeling. 
Verb: Verbs are the action words in a sentence that describe what the subject is doing. 
Adverb: An adverb is a part of speech that provides greater description to a verb, adjective, another adverb, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence. A great way to pick out an adverb from a sentence is to look for the word ending in -ly. 
Adjective: an adjective describes or modifies a noun. It provides more information about a noun, indicating things like size, shape, color,


WORD FORMATION
Verb:             to educate
Noun:           education
Adjective:  educational, educated
Adverb:       educationally

Slide 8 - Slide

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WORD FORMATION
you will be given what is called a 'stem' word which you need to change in order to fill the gap. 

This stem word can be altered into different word types like: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, gerunds (-ing verbs). This can be done adding prefixes (un-, dis-, a-, per- , pro- etc.) or suffixes )-able, -al, -ly, -ic, -ical, etc.). 

For example: you are given the word LONG. You can change this to longest or longer, but also to length or lengthy. In a similar way, LIKE can be changed to likely/unlikely, dislike, liking, alike, likeness

Slide 9 - Slide

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WORD FORMATION

After the/a/an/ some/any/many / his etc / you use a noun. Check if there is not a noun after the gap. If there is, use an adjective.

His ... to succeed impressed us very much. DETERMINE   answer: determination


If there is  a gap in front of a noun  or after  a form of to be you get an adjective.

It is ... to see how far he can jump. ASTONISH  answer: astonishing.

He  received a very ...... letter. BEAUTY   anser: beautiful


If there is a gap after a verb or before an adjective  you use an adverb.

They  spoke .... about the difficult situation. INTELLIGENCE  answer : intelligently

Nobody knew where the .... difficult test would take place. EXTREME  answer: extremely


Sometimes you need to add a prefix or suffix as well.

After the divorce Fred felt very ... for quite a long time. HAPPINESS  answer unhappy

Slide 10 - Slide

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WORD FORMATION
  • Base form in capital letters at the end of the line‚Äč
  • Change to adjective, noun, verb or adverb‚Äč
  • Affixes or Prefixes (HONEST ‚Äď DISHONESTY)‚Äč
  • Internal changes (STRONG ‚Äď STRENGTHEN)‚Äč
  • Compounding (RAIN ‚Äď RAINDROP)‚Äč
  • Several changes (EXPECT ‚Äď UNEXPECTEDLY)  

Slide 11 - Slide

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Try this:
Make nouns, adverbs and verbs from these adjectives:
long   weak    deep    strong    wide    short    warm

Make a table in your notebook to fill in and for easy checking!

timer
5:00

Slide 12 - Slide

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adjective
noun
adverb
verb
long 
length
lengthy
lengthen
weak
weakness
weakly
weaken
 deep
depth
deeply
deepen
strong 
strength
strongly
strengthen
wide 
width
widely
widen
short
shortage
shortly
shorten
 warm
warmth
warmly
warm

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WORD FORMATION

Quiz


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I've been so ... all day, I didn't get anything done.
A
Productive
B
Unproductive
C
Producer
D
Production

Slide 15 - Quiz

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What is the correct ... of "adjective"?
A
translator
B
translate
C
translation
D
transition

Slide 16 - Quiz

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You shouldn't be so ... to your parents!
A
unrespectful
B
disrespectful
C
disrespective
D
unrespective

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I don't know if that shirt is in stock, I will check the ... for you
A
avail
B
available
C
availableness
D
availability

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Some parents ... what their children do in their spare time.
A
ignorance
B
ignorant
C
ignoring
D
ignore

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I didn't complete my homework, but my teacher was ... about it
A
understanding
B
understandable
C
understood
D
understandand

Slide 20 - Quiz

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The ... of the Rubik's Cube peaked in the early 1980s.
(POPULAR)

Slide 21 - Open question

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The new year ... in this area of the country involve dancing and a drink made from melons.
(CELEBRATE)

Slide 22 - Open question

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Professor Watkins wasn't only an ... to me, but to thousands of others lucky enough to have met him.
(INSPIRE)

Slide 23 - Open question

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Collecting garden gnomes might seem an unusual ... , but many people do it.
(ACTIVE)

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Large spiders, ... from South East Asia, are now being seen in the local countryside.
(ORIGIN)

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We can make ... in our ability to memorise. (IMPROVE)

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We use a ... of long-term and short-term memory. (COMBINE)

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There are several things we can do to recall ... . (INFORM)

Slide 28 - Open question

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When you have to show your passport, this is a way to ... yourself.
(IDENTIFY)

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You must appear very positive and ... (enthusiasm).

Slide 30 - Open question

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I looked at the parking spot in ... . Someone had stolen my car!
(BELIEVE)

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Convince the interviewer that you are the most ... person for the job.
(SUIT)

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START WORKING ON:
workbook page 20 - TEST PRACTICE

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