Victorian age & gothic novels introduction V4

Introduction literature V4B

Victorian Age 1830 - 1900
& Gothic novels
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Slide 1: Slide
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This lesson contains 22 slides, with interactive quiz, text slides and 3 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson

Introduction literature V4B

Victorian Age 1830 - 1900
& Gothic novels

Slide 1 - Slide

Remember Edgar Allan Poe?
the Tell-Tale heart 
This was a Gothic short story, who can tel me why?

Slide 2 - Slide

what are we doing this period?
Highlights of 4 classic novels & their writers

Wuthering Heights (E. Brontë)
Frankenstein (M. Shelley)
The Curious Case of doctor Jekyl and mr Hyde (R.L. Stevenson)
The Picture of Dorian Gray (O. Wilde)

Slide 3 - Slide

Today: introduction to the 19th century
- “Regency era”
- King George III
- Mentally ill
- Son had to step in
- Took a loooong time

- Successsion of Queen Victoria
- Enormous industrial advancement
- Class differences
- The British Empire
- slavery

Slide 4 - Slide

The Romantic philosophy
Inspired by the French Revolution
Away from science and social constructs
Truth in
Human connection

Slide 5 - Slide

Victorian Era

Slide 6 - Mind map

The Victorian Age (1)
  • Started around 1830 ended when the queen died
  • Named after Queen Victoria (1837 - 1901)
  • Britain: great economic and political power
  • "The empire on which the sun never set"

Slide 7 - Slide

Slide 8 - Slide

The Victorian Age (2)
  • Sense of moral superiority (white man's burden)
  • From  1830s: Laws aimed at reform (Reform Bills, Poor Laws, educational laws)
  • Yet: period of great social inequality
  • rich vs poor ("the two nations")
  • men vs women ("Victorian double standard")

Slide 9 - Slide

Exploring the human mind
The Romantics explored the mind & human experience
Experiments with
In order to find truth & meaning

Slide 10 - Slide

Wealth and class
High production
The colonies
Working class
Child labour

Slide 11 - Slide

Punishing the poor
Poverty was seen by the upper class as:
A social problem
A sign of laziness
Something to be fixed or punished
Separating families
Forced sterilisation

Slide 12 - Slide

Upper class
Mostly in the countryside
No perspective on life for the poor
Decadence and hypocrisy
Opium addiction & prostitution

Slide 13 - Slide

Position of women in Victorian Times
*Poor women had to work

*Bad living conditions

* no rights to vote, husband was the boss
Difference between the classes:
*Rich women were supposed to be "the Angel of the House"
*Well-furnished houses & enough food, servants
* no rights to vote, husband decided on everything

Slide 14 - Slide

Victorian literature - the novel
  • The age of the novel
  • Growing audience for "true stories"
  • Greater wealth (rise of the middle classes)
  • Better education (rise in literacy)
  • Instalment system (novels published in serial form)

Slide 15 - Slide

Gothic novel
The adjective gothic describes something that is characterized by mystery, horror, and gloom — especially in literature. Gothic literature combines the genres of romance and horror. Some famous writers of Gothic fiction include Charlotte Bronte, Mary Shelley and Edgar Allan Poe.

Slide 16 - Slide

key elements
- fear, horror, death, gloom
romantic elements (nature, individuality and high emotion)
- The uncanny
- The sublime
- crisis
- the supernatural and the real

Slide 17 - Slide

Slide 18 - Video

Let's have a look at Wuthering Heights

Slide 19 - Slide

Slide 20 - Video

let's have a look at our reader!
read pages 3 to 5 and underline any words you don't know! 

Done? have a look at the character list and go online to find more information about the characters!

Slide 21 - Slide

Slide 22 - Video