Before unit 1 - Wk 36 lesson 1 &2- Word Classes

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EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 1

This lesson contains 40 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

Items in this lesson

Welcome back!

Slide 1 - Slide

Today's schedule
Today is going to be challenging! 
Goals 
  • You can understand and use at least 10 words from the Glossary Book (Quizlet Cards set)
  • You can understand the basic word classes and answer questions about it. 
  1. Word classes part 1

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Slide 3 - Slide

Word classes
Nouns
Articles
Pronouns
Prepositions
Verbs
Adjectives
Adverbs

Slide 4 - Slide

Nouns
A noun is a thing (almost any thing you can think of) and nouns are the basic building blocks of sentences. 
These things can be:
 a person - Mary can be very noisy.
an animal - The cat slept all day.
a place - Amsterdam is a great city.
an idea - Love is very important.

Slide 5 - Slide

Nouns can be singular.

car
desk
boy
girl

boss
bus



Nouns can be plural.

cars
desks
boys
girls
BUT...
bosses
buses

Slide 6 - Slide

Which of these words are nouns?
The dog was chasing the cat around the house
A
chasing / around / house
B
was / chasing / cat
C
dog / cat / house
D
the / the / the

Slide 7 - Quiz

What is the plural of the word 'bush'?
A
bushs
B
bushes

Slide 8 - Quiz

What should be different in this sentence? Write down the correct form of the words.
'They are a very rich family, because they have two house and three car.'

Slide 9 - Open question

Articles
In this case it is a type of word and not an article you can find in a newspaper...

You can find articles in front of nouns.
There are two types:

Slide 10 - Slide

Articles
Type 1 'the':
We use 'the' when we mean a specific thing (a noun).

'He uses the pen to write on the board.'

We use the article 'the' with all nouns.

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Articles
Articles
We use 'a/an' when we do not mean one specific thing, but it can be any kind of that thing.

'He uses a pen to write on the board.'
'She won an award for her performance.'




Slide 12 - Slide

Articles

We use the article 'a' when the noun starts with a consonant.

a ball
a table
a car
Consonants

b
d
p
j
h
t

Slide 13 - Slide

Articles

We use the article 'an' when the noun starts with a vowel.

an egg
an apple
an award
Vowels

a
i
u
e
o

Slide 14 - Slide

Practice
I have sent you an e-mail with an exercise on articles. Please finish that exercise within the next 5 minutes.


timer
5:00

Slide 15 - Slide

Pronouns
Subject pronouns:

I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they
Pronouns
Object pronouns:

me
you
him
her
it
us
you 
them


Slide 16 - Slide

Pronouns
1. Pronouns as the subject of a sentence.

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend.
It is raining.
She is on holiday.
We live in England.
Pronouns
2. Pronouns as the object of a sentence.

I can see you.
She doesn't like him.

3. Pronouns after prepositions.

She is waiting for me.
Give it to him.







Slide 17 - Slide

Which words are the pronouns in this sentence?
'I likes to play games with him.'
A
likes / him
B
I / him
C
play / games
D
I / with

Slide 18 - Quiz

Practice
I have sent you another e-mail with an exercise on pronouns. Please finish it within the next 5 minutes.
timer
5:00

Slide 19 - Slide

Prepositions
Prepositions usually come in front of nouns and pronouns.


I get up early in the morning.
John is waiting for her.

Slide 20 - Slide

Prepositions
There are A LOT of prepositions in English. The best way to study them is to look them up in a dictionary or by reading a lot of English.

Here are 10 of the most common prepositions:

of / in / to / for / with / on / at / from / by / about

Slide 21 - Slide

Which of these words are prepositions?

'After the plane crashed into the water, he found himself on a tropical island.'
A
after / into / on
B
crashed / found
C
he / himself
D
plane / water / island

Slide 22 - Quiz

Practice
I have sent you YET ANOTHER e-mail! This time with an exercise on of course... prepositions. You have 5 minutes to finish it.
timer
5:00

Slide 23 - Slide

You made it! For now...
We have reached the end of part 1!  ūüéČ
Tomorrow we will continue to work on the last few word classes. 

There is no homework for tomorrow! But I will send the keys to today's exercises to you via e-mail, so you can check them on your own at home.

Slide 24 - Slide

Welcome back!
Ready for part 2 of 'word classes'?

Slide 25 - Slide

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Verbs
A verb is a word of 'action'! So a verb always says something about what someone or something is doing.
  • He works every day.
  • She played football when she was young.
  • I play video games when I come home from school.

Slide 27 - Slide

Which words are the verbs in this sentence?
'I am happy that I can go to school every day.'
A
am / I / go
B
can / go / to
C
am / can / go
D
am / happy / school

Slide 28 - Quiz

Adjectives
Remember nouns?
An adjective is a word that says something about a noun.

The adjective can come before a noun:
He was eating the tasty soup.

The adjective can come after the verb:
The soup is tasty.

Slide 29 - Slide

Adjectives
An adjective only comes after the verb when it is a linking verb or a form of 'to be'.

Linking verbs: to feel, to taste, to smell, etc.

The cow is happy.
Driving is faster than walking.
It looks strange.


Slide 30 - Slide

Practice
I have sent you an exercise on adjectives. Please finish it within the next 5 minutes.

timer
5:00

Slide 31 - Slide

Adverbs
Adverbs are words that say something about a verb, an adjective or another adverb.

So, adverbs are not the same as adjectives!




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Adverbs
Adverb - verb
He drives quickly.
She sang beatifully.
They worked nicely.

How to form an adverb:
adjective + -ly

Slide 33 - Slide

Adverbs
Adverb - adjective
The extremely beatiful house.

Slide 34 - Slide

Practice
Yet another email! Please finish the exercises.

timer
5:00

Slide 35 - Slide

Is 'extremely' an adjective or an adverb?

'She is extremely beautiful.'
A
adjective
B
adverb

Slide 36 - Quiz

Is 'fast' an adjective or an adverb?

'She is an extremely fast worker.'
A
adjective
B
adverb

Slide 37 - Quiz

Is 'easy' an adjective or an adverb?

'These questions are easy.'
A
adjective
B
adverb

Slide 38 - Quiz

Is 'really' an adjective or an adverb?

'My brother drives really well.'
A
adjective
B
adverb

Slide 39 - Quiz

Slide 40 - Slide