Interbellum (between the wars) lesson 1

Between the Wars
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Slide 1: Slide
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This lesson contains 36 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson

Between the Wars

Slide 1 - Slide

How do you think Germany was doing after WWI?

Slide 2 - Open question

Goals week 4
  • You explain the weak points of the Weimar Republic.
  • You explain the consequences of the Treaty of Versailles for Germany.
  • You explain how the things above contribute to Hitler gaining power. 
  • You explain what historical significance is and that it is decided by impact or insight.

Slide 3 - Slide

Chaos in Germany
  • emperor fled
  • reparations 
  • Crisis 

Slide 4 - Slide

Spartacus League
November 1918- Januari 1919
  • Communism 
  • like Russia
  • Put down by the army
  • Un stable 

Slide 5 - Slide

Weimar Republic (1919-1933)
  • constitution for the new German state
  •  National Assembly
  • Berlin to dangerous 
  • Weimar

Slide 6 - Slide

Weimar Republic
  • Weimar is a place in Germany (Berlin was too dangerous)
  • Couldn't end the unrest
  •  hated the Treaty of Versailles

Slide 7 - Slide

Why did the Germans hate the treaty Of Versailles?

Slide 8 - Open question

Weimar Republic
  • Versailles was humiliating
  • Felt Betrayed 
  • Some people thought Germany could have won the war

Slide 9 - Slide


Slide 10 - Open question

The myth goes that the new government and the communists betrayed Germany by asking for a truce. This was believed by Nationalists and former soldiers.

Slide 11 - Slide

1923: Germany did not pay their debts--> Belgium and France take over parts of the country
As act of protest: German government supports people to go on strike
Strikers had to be paid--> government prints extra money--> money loses value--> inflation --> hyperinflation

Slide 12 - Slide

Inflation means that money becomes worth much less. So you can buy less with the same money.
Or: you need a lot more money to buy the same thing

When banks print money it is called hyperinflation

Slide 13 - Slide

Price of 1 kilo of bread
December 1921: 4 marks 
December 1922: 163 marks 
January 1923: 250 marks 
April 1923: 474 marks 
August 1923: 69,000 Marks 
November 1923: 201,000,000,000 Marks

1 mark = 0.51 euros

Slide 14 - Slide

Slide 15 - Video

Goals week 4
Check your essay and give yourself or a classmate feedback (only 3H)
Make a start with the learning goals of week 4: Read 4.2 and do 1-2-3c-4-5-6-7-8

Slide 16 - Slide


Economically, the country is doing better: 
Americans support German economy with Dawes plan
People have faith in democracy........

Slide 17 - Slide

Gustav Stresemann--> convinces France to leave the Rhineland
US--> Dawes Plan = support in the form of a loan 
1925: Von Hindenburg (former general) chosen as president--> pleases veterans
The people calm down and the Republic becomes more stable

Slide 18 - Slide

Slide 19 - Slide

Dawes plan
United States lends money to Germany. 
Germany can thus rebuild its economy and start paying the reparation payments (Versailles).

Slide 20 - Slide

Historical Significance

Slide 21 - Slide

Slide 22 - Slide

Week 5

Slide 23 - Slide

  • Joined the German Amry during WWI
  • Best time of his life
  • Blamed the communist, the Jews and the government

Slide 24 - Slide

National Socialism
  • NSDAP/ Nazi Party
  • Strong leader
  • Make Germany powerful
  • End the Treaty of Versailles
  •  Aryans: a superior race
  • Racism 
  • Anti-Semitism

Slide 25 - Slide

Wat id the differents between National Socialism and Fascism?

Slide 26 - Open question

  • Fouded by the Nazi's
  • Fighting Unit
  • Spread fear
  • Show that the Weimar Republic is weak

Slide 27 - Slide

  • 8th November 1923
  • Coup in Munich 
  • Took some politicians hostage
  • Speeches
  • Overthrow the governmen
  • Failed 

Slide 28 - Slide

Hitlers rise to power
  • Prison
  • Mein Kampf
  • Third Reich
  • Totalitarian state
  • War
  • Racism 

Slide 29 - Slide

Hitlers rise to power
  • Democratic way
  • Crisis 
  • Many votes 

Slide 30 - Slide

Why did Hitler get more votes during the crisis?

Slide 31 - Open question

Why was the weimar Republic unstable?
Because of the stab-in-the-back myth
Because it was made in Weimar
Because of Hitlers support
Because of the communists

Slide 32 - Quiz

Wat is not part of national socialism
strong leader
against kapitalism

Slide 33 - Quiz

Why did Hitler go to prison?
Beacause he wrote Mein Kampf
Because he was a racist
Because he had tried to commit a coup
Because of the crisis

Slide 34 - Quiz

Why should you learn about this topic?

Slide 35 - Open question

  • Less prone to extreme ideas
  • Think  about your own choices
  • Prevent situations

Slide 36 - Slide