Present Simple - Questions and Negations

The Present Simple
Present Simple:
Questions and Negations
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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 1

This lesson contains 36 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 60 min

Items in this lesson

The Present Simple
Present Simple:
Questions and Negations

Slide 1 - Slide

Remind me:
How does the Present Simple work?

Slide 2 - Slide

Give me an example of a sentence in the Present Simple

Slide 3 - Open question

The Present Simple
What is the present simple?

The present simple is an English tense. A normal present simple sentence looks like this:

                   We eat French fries every Sunday.

How many verbs do you see in this normal present simple sentence? 
Why do you think it is called 'simple'?


Slide 4 - Slide

What are some Signal Words for the Present Simple?

Slide 5 - Open question

The Present Simple
What is the present simple?

In a sentence, you know if it is a fact or routine by looking at signal words

Words like everyday, never, always, every Wednesday  tell you it is about a routine. It happens often.

If there are no signal words, the sentence tells you a fact.

Slide 6 - Slide

What is the SHIT-rule?

Slide 7 - Open question

The Present Simple
The SHIT Rule

The SHIT Rule has to do with She, He, and IT.

The rule is:

If the subject is a he, she or it, the verb gets +s.

So I dance becomes She dances.


Slide 8 - Slide

Finish the sentence:
John ___ (to fly) to his family in America every holiday.

Slide 9 - Open question

The Present Simple
Questions

To make a present simple question, you have to put the verb do in front of the sentence:

 I like ice cream.     becomes      Do I like ice cream?

If the subject is a he, she or it, you have to use does. Also, look at what happens with the +s of the original verb.

Bob plays football.   becomes   Does Bob play football?


Slide 10 - Slide

The Present Simple




Questions

For the next exercise, turn the normal present simple sentence into a question. Think about capital letters, questions marks and the SHIT Rule (do/does)!
                                    


Slide 11 - Slide

That tree looks 100 years old.

Slide 12 - Open question

I never go to parties.

Slide 13 - Open question

The girls always wear the same dresses.

Slide 14 - Open question

The Present Simple
Questions

The verb 'to be' is a special one. 
If the first verb in the sentence is am, is, or are, you switch it with the subject.

She is very beautiful.  becomes  Is she very beautiful?

'Is' switched places with the subject. In these cases, you don't use 'do' or 'does'.


Slide 15 - Slide

The old man always sits in his chair.
the old man always
in his chair?
Turn the normal present simple sentence into a question
Do
Does
Is
sits
sit
sitting
Did

Slide 16 - Drag question

She is my best friend.
she 
my best friend?
Do
Does
Is
Be
Am
Are
Did

Slide 17 - Drag question

They are at the club every Tuesday evening.
they
at the club every Tuesday evening?
Do
Does
Is
Be
Am
Are
Did

Slide 18 - Drag question

I understand how to turn a sentence into a question.
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Slide 19 - Poll

The Present Simple
Negations

Now you know how to make a normal present simple sentence and questions in the present simple.

Now we are going to look at negations.


Slide 20 - Slide

The Present Simple
Negations

Negations tell you that something is not happening. 
You can see the word not in negations, but almost always as a short form n't, as in don't or doesn't.

An example of a negation is:

                             She doesn't see very well. 


Slide 21 - Slide

The Present Simple
Negations

So you make a negation by adding don't or doesn't to the sentence. But don't forget about the SHIT-rule!
So not like this:
                                     I like not cookies.
                                       He don't likes cookies
But like this:
                                       I don't like cookies 
                                    He doesn't like cookies

Slide 22 - Slide

The Present Simple
Negations

Look at what happens to the verb in this sentence when we turn it into a negation:

                                 He plays video games every day.

                        He doesn't play video games every day.

The +s disappears after doesn't. The same happened with the questions!


Slide 23 - Slide

The Present Simple




Negations

In the next exercise, try to turn the normal present simple into a negation. Pay attention to capital letters, full stops and the SHIT Rule.
                                    

Slide 24 - Slide

The boy always cleans his plate after eating.

Slide 25 - Open question

They give out flyers every morning.

Slide 26 - Open question

The sun shines very brightly.

Slide 27 - Open question

The Present Simple
Negations

Again, the verb 'to be' is special. 
If the first verb in the sentence is am, is or are, you can just add not. You don't need doesn't or don't in that case.

I am an English teacher. 
Becomes 
I am not an English teacher.


Slide 28 - Slide

The Present Simple




Negations

For the next exercise, turn the normal present simple sentences into negations. Pay attention to capital letters, full stops, and the SHIT Rule!
                              


Slide 29 - Slide

She wears her best dress on Sundays.

Slide 30 - Open question

My dog is almost deaf.

Slide 31 - Open question

They are at the pool every week.

Slide 32 - Open question

I understand how to turn a normal sentence in the Present Simple into a negation
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Slide 33 - Poll

Congratulations! 
You have finished this lesson.


Slide 34 - Slide

I feel ready for the test.
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Slide 35 - Poll

Deze stof voor de toets vind ik nog wel lastig.

Slide 36 - Open question