9.2E Hitler's Dictatorship -TEACH-2023

9.2E: Hitler's dictatorship

AGE 9. The Time of World Wars
1 / 37
Slide 1: Tekstslide
HistoryMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 3

In deze les zitten 37 slides, met tekstslides en 7 videos.

time-iconLesduur is: 45 min

Onderdelen in deze les

9.2E: Hitler's dictatorship

AGE 9. The Time of World Wars

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

In this lesson:
In 1933 Hitler became prime minister of the Weimar Republic.

1. Ending democracy:
He used the Reichstag Fire, new elections and the Enabling Act to end 

2. Ending opposition:
During the "Night of the Long Knives" Hitler purged his own party of critical people.
Without opposition, Hitler became Führer (leader): a dictator with absolute power.

3. Turning Germany into a totalitarian state (nazification):
                          - nazis controlled media and culture
                          - propaganda and cult of personality
                          - racial ideology, indoctrinate children / education
                          - terror: SS & Gestapo, concentration camps

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

1924. Hitler in prison after a failed coup.

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Jan. 1933, Hitler is appointed "chancellor"....

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Slide 5 - Video

After 1929: Thanks to the crisis, Hitler’s party grew.

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Reichstag elections July 1932
Nazis (brown) are largest parties, but don't have an overall majority

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Jan. 1933, Hitler is appointed "chancellor"....

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

...but the nazis don't have an overall a majority in parliament.
And that is what Hitler wants.

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

When the Reichstag building is set on fire by a communist,
Hitler seizes the opportunity...

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Hitler declares communists state enemies and organises new elections, using propaganda and terror.

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

the S.A. (Sturm Abteilung) = nazis in uniforms.
They arrest communists and intimidate voters

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Reichstag elections March 1933
Nazis (brown) , together with another nationalist party, have an overall majority

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

With a majority support in parliament Hitler proposes a new law: 
the Enabling Act

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

This law gives Hitler the power to rule without parliament!
Hitler now has dictatorial powers.

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

To strengthen his power, Hitler needed to get rid of "critical" members of his own S.A. (sturmabteilung)

Ernst Röhm

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

SA leaders wanted more political influence.
Hitler did not want to share any power.

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Hitler turns to his elite bodyguard troops: the SS to help him 

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

During the "Night of the Long Knives" the SA is purged by the SS.
Hitler claims he has prevented an "SA coup".

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Four questions you must answer when you analyze a cartoon:

  1. What do you see? (elements & labels)
  2. What does it represent / stand for?
  3. What is the artist's message?
  4. What is the artist's POV (point of view)?

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

SA members looking fearful in surrender
SA leaders, dead on the floor, killed by Hitler, who holds a smoking gun.
a smoking gun, indicating that Hitler just shot the men lying dead on the floor. A smoking gun is also a clear piece of evidence.
members of the Army and SS stand with their weapons pointing towards the SA members
 The caption ‘They salute with both hands now’ is a joke about the Nazi salute. The SA used to be fiercely loyal to Hitler, and so would salute him with the Nazi salute (with one hand). However, now they have both their hands up to Hitler in surrender, showing their powerlessness. 
On the floor, lies ‘Hitler’s unkept promises’, clearly discarded. This represents how Hitler betrayed the SA, as they had been led to believe that they would gain power alongside Hitler. 
Hitler (standing aggressively with an armband that reads: ’the double cross’- a pun about the swastika and Hitler’s betrayal)
Goering (who is dressed as a violent god of war, showing how the Nazis have abandoned democracy and now rule by terror)
Goebbels (shown as Hitler’s poodle, since in Britain, where this cartoon was published,he was seen to be cowardly and extremely loyal to Hitler). It was all three of these men that were responsible for this night, because Hitler asked Goering and Goebbels to compile a list of ‘disloyal SA members’,; this list formed the basis of those killed on the Night of the Long Knives.

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Two months later president Hindenburg dies.
He was the last remnant of the Weimar republic.

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Hitler succeeds Hindenburg, combines his office "chancellor" with 
that of "president" into a new title: FÜHRER

Slide 23 - Tekstslide


Slide 24 - Tekstslide


Slide 25 - Tekstslide


Slide 26 - Tekstslide

Slide 27 - Video


Slide 28 - Tekstslide


Slide 29 - Tekstslide

Slide 30 - Tekstslide

Slide 31 - Video

Many opponents and "undesired" people are arrested and sent to concentration camps. 

Slide 32 - Tekstslide


Slide 33 - Tekstslide

Slide 34 - Video

Slide 35 - Video

Slide 36 - Video

Slide 37 - Video