In deze les zitten 26 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.
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AGE 2. The Time of Greeks and Romans
2.4 Gods of Egypt
Slide 1 - Tekstslide
What is this lesson about?
The Egyptians worshipped many gods. Every god had its own task and power. The priests brought sacrifices to the gods in temples. The Egyptians feared that if they would not do this, they would get punished. The afterlife was also very important for them. Their dead had to be mummified and they were given a special book when they were buried.
Slide 2 - Tekstslide
What you can explain / do after this lesson
that the Egyptians believed in many gods and the reasons for this belief
why the afterlife was very important to the Egyptians
explain the difference between monotheism and polytheism
name examples of Egyptian gods and their characteristics
explain why and how mummies were made
Slide 3 - Tekstslide
Polytheistic: when people believe in multiple gods
Offerings: goods that are given as sacrifice in hope of obtaining help from the gods
Book of the Dead: bundle of texts that were given to the pharaoh when he died; it was used to help him reach the afterlife
Mummified: preserved after death; the Egyptians did this on purpose
Sarcophagus: coffin in the shape of the deceased
Monotheistic: religion based on one god
Link to WRTS wordlist for all the other difficult words:WRTS HISTORY
Slide 4 - Tekstslide
TIMELINE of this CHAPTER
Slide 5 - Tekstslide
1. Study source 2.20 and explain, by describing two characteristics, how you can recognise Ra on this picture.
Slide 6 - Open vraag
2a. Is the Egyptian story of creation fiction or true fact?
Slide 7 - Quizvraag
2b. Explain your answer of question 2a.
Slide 8 - Open vraag
2c. Why would the Egyptians think up a story like this? Use words like: understand, science, know, nature, world.
Slide 9 - Open vraag
3. Read "Multiple gods".
a. Explain why many Egyptian gods had the head of animals.
Slide 10 - Open vraag
3. Read "Multiple gods". b. Describe the following gods by explaining what they looked like and what they were the god/goddess of: Anubis, Sekhmet, Ra, Tawaret.
Slide 11 - Open vraag
4. Think up your own god(dess). Give him/her a name and explain what he/she is the god(dess) of.
Slide 12 - Open vraag
5. Read sources 1 and 2. Explain why Khepri, a sun god connected to Ra, is sometimes pictured with a head in the shape of a scarab (a beetle). Use the sources in your answer.
Slide 13 - Open vraag
6. Read "Powerful priests".
a. Explain the key-word offerings in your own words.
Slide 14 - Open vraag
6b. Explain why the Egyptians brought many offerings to the gods. Use the words religion, punish, and offerings in your answer.
Slide 15 - Open vraag
6c. Look at source 2.22. The temple of Karnak is the second largest religious site in the world. How could the Egyptian priests afford to build such a big temple complex?
Slide 16 - Open vraag
6d. Give an example in which you show that this still happens today.
Slide 17 - Open vraag
7. Read "Obsessed by death". There were many challenges to be met before a pharaoh could reach the afterlife.
Drag the challenges at the bottom to the correct letter.
The god Toth writes down what the pharaoh did in life
Horus shows the pharaoh the door to the afterlife
Osiris sits on his throne and awaits the pharaoh
Anubis takes the pharaoh by the hand
The monster Ammit waits to eat the heart
The heart of the pharaoh is weighed on scales
Slide 18 - Sleepvraag
"How to make a mummy ".
Put the steps of mummifi-
cation in the correct order.
The body is cut open and the organs are taken out.
The sarcophagus is placed in a grave, which is filled with gifts.
The priests remove the brain
with a hook.
The mummy is put in a sarcophagus.
The body is wrapped in cloth.
The body is washed and
laid in salt.
The organs are placed in jars that are in the shape of gods.
Slide 19 - Sleepvraag
9. An archaeologist studies unwritten sources and a historian studies written sources. Archaeologists and historians both have proof that the Egyptians believed in an afterlife. a. Think up an example of how an archaeologist can prove that the Egyptians believed in an afterlife.
Slide 20 - Open vraag
9. An archaeologist studies unwritten sources and a historian studies written sources. Archaeologists and historians both have proof that the Egyptians believed in an afterlife. b. Think up an example of how a historian can prove that the Egyptians believed in an afterlife.
Slide 21 - Open vraag
10a. Give an example of a polytheistic religion that still has many followers today.
Slide 22 - Open vraag
10b. Give two examples of monotheistic religions that still have many followers today.
Slide 23 - Open vraag
Write down one question about something from this lesson that you find difficult.