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8.5 Studying Behaviour

8.5 Studying Behaviour
Textbook page 218
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
Biologie9th Grade

In deze les zitten 47 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 5 videos.

time-iconLesduur is: 45 min

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8.5 Studying Behaviour
Textbook page 218

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Observation of behaviour

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

What might be the difference between subjective and objective observation?

Slide 3 - Open vraag

Subjective versus Objective
Subjective
Objective
He is angry
He shows his teeth
He looks afraid
His tail is between his legs
He wants food
He barks and jumps when de drawer opens

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Objective observations
DO NOT:
DO:
interpret
describe clearly
use anthropomorphisms
describe in detail
project emotions
describe in time

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

How would you investigate an animal's behaviour scientifically?

Slide 12 - Open vraag

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Subjective versus Objective
Subjective
Objective
He is angry
He shows his teeth
He looks afraid
His tail is between his legs
He wants food
He barks and jumps when de drawer opens

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Objective observations
DO NOT:
DO:
interpret
describe clearly
use anthropomorphisms
describe in detail
project emotions
describe in time

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Dog fetching stick

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Dog fetching stick
Many 
different behavioural units

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

Which behavioural units have you seen?

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Slide 20 - Video

Which behavioural units
have you seen?

Slide 21 - Woordweb

Dog fetching stick
sitting
running towards stick
grabbing stick
running to owner
dropping stick
standing looking at stick
sitting down

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Ethogram
Describes behavioural units and gives abbreviations

Behavioural unit
Abbr.
Description

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

Ethogram
Behavioural unit
Abbr.
Description
sitting
dog sits with butt on ground
looking at stick
dog looks at stick
running towards stick
dog runs away from owner and towards stick
grabbing stick
dog bites stick and keeps it in its mouth
running to owner
dog runs with stick in its mouth to owner
dropping stick
dog drops stick

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

Ethogram
Behavioural unit
Abbr.
Description
sitting
Si
dog sits with butt on ground
looking at stick
Ls
dog looks at stick
running towards stick
Rs
dog runs away from owner and towards stick
grabbing stick
Gs
dog bites stick and keeps it in its mouth
running to owner
Ro
dog runs with stick in its mouth to owner
dropping stick
Ds
dog drops stick

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

Protocol
Chart for recording the behaviour: when and how often

intervals
1 (30 s)
2 (60 s)
3 (90 s)
4 (120 s)
0 - 3 s
3 - 6 s
6 - 9 s
9 - 12 s

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

Protocol
intervals
1 (30 s)
2 (60 s)
3 (90 s)
4 (120 s)
0 - 3 s
3 - 6 s
6 - 9 s
9 - 12 s
12 - 15 s 
15 - 18 s
18 - 21 s
21 - 24 s
24 - 27 s
27 - 30 s

Slide 27 - Tekstslide

Protocol
intervals
1 (30 s)
2 (60 s)
3 (90 s)
4 (120 s)
0 - 3 s
3 - 6 s
6 - 9 s
9 - 12 s
12 - 15 s 
15 - 18 s
18 - 21 s
21 - 24 s
24 - 27 s
27 - 30 s
Toc!

Slide 28 - Tekstslide

Ethogram
Behavioural unit
Abbr.
Description
sitting
Si
dog sits with butt on ground
looking at stick
Ls
dog looks at stick
running towards stick
Rs
dog runs away from owner and towards stick
grabbing stick
Gs
dog bites stick and keeps it in its mouth
running to owner
Ro
dog runs with stick in its mouth to owner
dropping stick
Ds
dog drops stick
Have your ethogram with you!

Slide 29 - Tekstslide

Ethogram
Behavioural unit
Abbr.
Description
sitting
Si
dog sits with butt on ground
looking at stick
Ls
dog looks at stick
running towards stick
Rs
dog runs away from owner and towards stick
grabbing stick
Gs
dog bites stick and keeps it in its mouth
running to owner
Ro
dog runs with stick in its mouth to owner
dropping stick
Ds
dog drops stick

Slide 30 - Tekstslide

Slide 31 - Video

Protocol
intervals
1 (30 s)
2 (60 s)
3 (90 s)
4 (120 s)
0 - 3 s
Si
3 - 6 s
Rs
6 - 9 s
Gs
9 - 12 s
Ro
12 - 15 s 
Ro
15 - 18 s
Ds
18 - 21 s
Ls
21 - 24 s
Si
24 - 27 s
Si
27 - 30 s
Si

Slide 32 - Tekstslide

Practice!

Slide 33 - Tekstslide

Ethogram
Describes behavioural units and gives abbreviations

Behavioural unit
Abbr.
Description
sitting
dog sits with butt on ground

Slide 34 - Tekstslide

Slide 35 - Video

Photo of your ethogram

Slide 36 - Open vraag

Ethogram
Behavioural unit
Abbr.
Description
Digging
Di
Digging with front paws
Kicking
Ki
Kicking dirt with hind paws
Walking and sniffing
Ws
Walking while snifing ground
Pushing
Pu
Pushing snout into dirt
Eating
Ea
Eating food
Looking
Lo
Sitting down looking around

Slide 37 - Tekstslide

Assignment
See Lesmateriaal > Chapter 8
Also: see chat
Print it out (or read it from your screen)

Slide 38 - Tekstslide

Questions
  • How many behavioural units can you have?
  •  it is better to don't use playing and sleeping? because you are not sure if that is true? is that right?
  •  Do we need to observe 1 animal or more? 
  •  Do we need to write down all the abbreviation or only the ones on the 20 seconds?

Slide 39 - Tekstslide

Answers about the observations
1st observation: 
describe every behavioural unit you see during an x number of minutes. The x depend on how active the animal is:
  • less minutes if you see a lot happening in a short period of time, 
  • more minutes if the animal is less active. This becomes your list of behavioural units with abbreviations: an ethogram.

Slide 40 - Tekstslide

Answers about the observations
Second observation: 
this is to answer your research question. 
Observe the same or a similar animal again (could be a different video) and then note the RELEVANT behavioural units you see every 20 seconds. If the animal is active and you see something at 0, 5, 9, 17 and 20 seconds, then only write down the ones at 0 and 20 seconds: This is your protocol.

Slide 41 - Tekstslide

Slide 42 - Video

Glossary Puzzle WB p. 250
timer
10:00

Slide 43 - Tekstslide

Your Puzzle Photo
timer
1:00

Slide 44 - Open vraag

What was difficult?

Slide 45 - Woordweb

What went well?

Slide 46 - Woordweb

Slide 47 - Video