gerund vs infinitive

Welcome class! 
 Gerund vs infinitive


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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 3

In deze les zitten 29 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.

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Welcome class! 
 Gerund vs infinitive


Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Learning goal:
- I know the difference between 'the infinitive' and 'gerund'
- I can use the 'the infinitive' and 'gerund' correctly.

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Gerund 

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Gerund or Infinitive
I don't mind reviewing grammar.
I hope to learn a lot.

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Slide 5 - Video

How do you make a gerund?
Stem +ing 

The gerund looks a lot like a present continuous without the form of "to be"

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Gerund
The gerund is a form of a verb (stem + ing) which can be used as the subject or direct object. 

  • Subject
       Swimming is fun

  •  Direct object  
      I enjoy going to the seaside

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Gerund after emotions
  • Expressions like: it's no use/don't mind/ look forward to:
  • It is no use crying over spilt milk
  • My mother does't mind cooking every day
  • Verbs like enjoy/ love/ like/hate if somebody does it often or not any longer: I enjoy going to the movies
  • your friend asks you if you could watch the baby for the 1st time: I would l love to take care of your baby

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Grammar: Gerund vs. Infinitive

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Gerund
Infinitive
ww + ing 
VERB (WITH "TO")
1. As  a noun (subject/direct object)
2. Verbs expressing opinion:  hate, like, love, enjoy (often/not anymore)
3. After these verbs: to start, to begin, to continue, to stop.
4. After expressions like: it's no use, it's (not) worth it, don't mind, to look forward to
5. After prepositions: after, before, while, at, from, etc.
1. -
2. After verbs expressing feelings/ thoughts: to hope, to want, to expect, to choose, to hesitate
3. After verbs like: to learn, to manage, to fail, to tend., 
4. After verbs like: to agree, to promise, to demand, to forbid, to refuse
5. In combination with: would love, would hate, would like

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

What kind of word is "cycling" in this sentence?
"I am [cycling] to my work."
A
a noun
B
a verb
C
personal pronoun
D
adjective

Slide 11 - Quizvraag

What kind of word is "cycling" in this sentence?
"[Cycling] is my favourite hobby."
A
a noun
B
a verb
C
personal pronoun
D
adjective

Slide 12 - Quizvraag

Gerund vs Infinitive

It's worth .... an effort.
A
to make
B
making

Slide 13 - Quizvraag

Gerund vs Infinitive

Angelina doesn't mind ... care of the kids.
A
to take
B
taking

Slide 14 - Quizvraag

Gerund vs Infinitive

The whole class agrees it's difficult ... early.
A
to get up
B
getting up

Slide 15 - Quizvraag

Gerund vs Infinitive

I hate ... you this, but you failed the test.
A
to tell
B
telling

Slide 16 - Quizvraag

Gerund vs Infinitive

We will only succeed if we keep .... (try) .

Slide 17 - Open vraag

Gerund vs Infinitive

I had a cup of hot chocolate after (go) ice skating.

Slide 18 - Open vraag

Gerund vs Infinitive

Mark should remember ... (take) the trash out.

Slide 19 - Open vraag

Gerund vs Infinitive - Make sentences
(let op hoofdletters en punten!)

We - would hate - see - you go

Slide 20 - Open vraag

Gerund vs Infinitive - Make sentences
(let op hoofdletters en punten!)

I - not like - shop

Slide 21 - Open vraag

She would love __________ (to meet) you.
A
to meet
B
meet
C
meeting

Slide 22 - Quizvraag

He's afraid of _________ (to be) alone.
A
to be
B
be
C
being

Slide 23 - Quizvraag

Jane started ________ (to talk) as soon as she came in.

Slide 24 - Open vraag

I refuse _________ (to help) him.

Slide 25 - Open vraag

I don't mind _______ (to do) that for you.

Slide 26 - Open vraag

Please take your shoes before ______ (to enter) the room.

Slide 27 - Open vraag

Slide 28 - Tekstslide

intro

Slide 29 - Tekstslide