High tea lesson

Tea & the Brits
Do you know...

Tea sparked a revolution?

A Duchess started the tradition of Afternoon tea

Different types of tea traditions were tied to different social classes
(M.I.F./Dunking the biscuit/High tea etc.)

Tea etiquette - the dos & don'ts

But first .......... (next 3 slides)

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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 31 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

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Tea & the Brits
Do you know...

Tea sparked a revolution?

A Duchess started the tradition of Afternoon tea

Different types of tea traditions were tied to different social classes
(M.I.F./Dunking the biscuit/High tea etc.)

Tea etiquette - the dos & don'ts

But first .......... (next 3 slides)

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Do you drink tea?

Slide 2 - Poll

Do you drink tea WITH MILK?

Slide 3 - Poll

Do you drink tea WITH SUGAR?

Slide 4 - Poll

What is a traditional
British "high tea"?

Slide 5 - Woordweb

Tea - some facts 
  • The Chinese character for tea is '茶', initially with an extra stroke '荼', pronounced as "tú" -  a word for a bitter herb

  • The tea plant originated in China/India, where boiled water was poured onto tea leaves and  the hot liquid was drunk as a medicinal drink

  • Tea is a plantation crop, best grown in subtropical climates. Its taste depends on the geography and climate where it is grown.

  • Tea was first introduced to Western priests and merchants in China during the 16th century, back then it was called "chá".
(source: Wikipedia.com)

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Tea in British culture
In the 18th century tea was only for the upper class and was imported from China 
by ship. It was expensive & heavy duty had to be paid for import.

In the 19th century it became available for the common people.

Smugglers first made tea available for the lower classes.
The government lowered taxes on tea import so that everyone could enjoy tea.

Great Britain started to grow tea  in India, which became a British colony in 1858.
Good tea harvests in India resulted in lower tea prices, making it affordable for all

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

1840s- the Duchess of Bedford starts Afternoon Tea
The   Duchess of Bedford starts sneaking in a snack in the later afternoon with Darjeeling tea, to keep herself from getting ‘hangry’ before dinner (pictures below: the Duchess Anna Russell and her home Woburn Abbey)

The upper classes only enjoyed breakfast and dinner. Only ladies had a light lunch (soup/sandwich), (working)  men went to pubs; dinner was served between 7:30 - 8:00 pm. It was fashionable for upper class to serve dinner late.

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Different classes different tea manners
The poor usually had to drink their tea black or with watered down milk and brown sugar

The correct way to drink tea was “with cream instead of milk, and very small lumps of sugar.” Also, a splash of fresh lemon was added to  tea by the upper class

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Dunking Biscuits 
Teashop introduces Victorian etiquette: 
No dunking biscuits, clanging spoons or mobile phones - The Daily Mail - 07 August 2007

A civilized cup of tea: 
An eccentric tea shop owner is causing a stir by barring customers who dunk biscuits, clang their spoons or use mobile phones.

David Daly warns customers they will be asked to leave his Brighton tea shop if they stray from his code of etiquette.

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Dunking Biscuits history
Dunking biscuits has its roots in naval history - on board sailors dunked "hardtacks" in beer to soften them 

The most popular biscuit to dunk in tea in Great Britain is the McVitie Digestive (Telegraph, 2009)

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

How do you feel about dunking biscuits
in your tea?

Slide 12 - Poll

British tea etiquette
Correct expression: "To have tea"  - "Having tea with someone in the afternoon"

4. Managing the Additions
....it is essential to remember that milk is added after the tea has been poured, never before. Milk is added to black tea, such Assam, but Lapsang Souchong is usually enjoyed with a slice of lemon. Sugar is added last, after the milk, and the tea stirred by moving the teaspoon back and forth in an up-and-down motion -- avoid large circular stirring motions which can, in some company, be seen as inelegant. The teaspoon is placed lengthways along the back of the saucer.

5. How to Drink It
Sit up straight and spread out the napkin on your lap. Hold the cup by the handle and bring it up to your mouth -- avoid leaning forward to drink. Never cradle the cup in your hands and avoid raising your little finger. Take small sips and don't slurp, and or blow on hot tea to cool it. The cup is put down on the saucer in between sips.

source: HuffPost.com - 2015

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

What is the difference between a Cream tea and an Afternoon Tea?
Cream tea = creamy tea Afternoon tea = tea served in the afternoon
Cream tea = tea served with a scone/jam/clotted cream Afternoon tea = tea with sweet & savoury finger foods
Cream tea = a special tea blend from China Afternoon tea = a special tea blend from India
Cream tea = tea served with pie as dessert Afternoon tea = tea served with scones/jam/clotted cream in the afternoon

Slide 14 - Quizvraag

British Cream tea
Cream tea
tea served with scones, jam & a dollop of thick, clotted cream

 The tradition of eating bread with cream and jam 
existed at Tavistock abbey in Devon during the 11th century.

Still debate over traditions/origins:
"Devon and Cornwall battle over true home of the cream tea"

Strawberry & Cream - which comes first?
  • The Devon method -  split the scone in two, cover each half with clotted cream, and then add strawberry jam on top. 

  • The Cornwall method  -  a "Cornish split", a type of slightly sweet white bread roll, rather than a scone, first spread with strawberry jam, and finally topped with a spoonful of Cornish clotted cream.

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

British Afternoon tea 
Upper class / UK - 18th/19th century
Only 2 meals: breakfast & dinner at 8 pm 

Afternoon tea served at 4 pm/late afternoon

Savoury & sweet finger foods
traditionally 3 courses, 
served at a low table whilst 
sitting in comfortable chairs,
or on sofas

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

British High tea - origins
Working classes / UK  - 18th/19th centuries
(started in industrial areas northern England/
southern Scotland - still a tradition in these areas)

Industrial workers came home hungry at 6 pm

Tea was expensive for them, not to be wasted

High tea served as a meal a the high table 
at 6 PM

Dishes included: 
A mug of tea, bread, vegetables, cheese and 
occasionally meat (varied with pies, potatoes and crackers)

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

British High tea - nowadays

In the UK still often called Afternoon Tea, 
meaning the same as High Tea in the rest of the world

British upper class adopted high tea as  a meal that could be 
eaten when their servants were away or not available:
 easy to prepare. 

The upper class 'high tea' combined
Afternoon Tea and high tea, with the addition of pigeon, veal, 
salmon and fruit.

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

What is the Boston Tea Party?
A type of tea party that is celebrated with delicious Bostonian food.
A tea party for people living in Boston, celebrated every year.
An important historical event in Boston, America.
A political party that promotes tea.

Slide 19 - Quizvraag

The Boston Tea Party - 1773

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

The Boston Tea Party - 1773
American politicians and merchants protest to the Tea Act and throw shipments of tea into the Boston waters  (East Coast US)

Tea Act:
British Act (law) which granted the British East India Company a monopoly on selling and trading tea in the American colonies. 

Why were the Americans mad?
The Americans opposed taxes in the Townshend Acts, which imposed taxes to all goods sent to the American colonies in order to raise extra money (revenue) for Great Britain. This Act was  decided by the Brits and not by American 

Also, they didn't want the Brits to have a business monopoly on tea. Tea was drunk by all the 
colonists and they didn't want the British government to meddle with it.  These social, economical and 
political concerns resulted in strong protests.The colonists believed Great Britain should no longer decide 
over America & with the Boston Tea Party, they laid the groundwork for the American Revolution in 1776  
(independence from Great Britain)

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Tea - Fun Facts
  • First importation of tea in Great Britain was in 1669 - shipped across the ocean from Java by the English East India company

  • Until the 1850s  tea mostly originated from China

  •  Afternoon tea became a fashionable form for entertainment by 1865 - especiallys for ladies discussing "tea business", 
      the equivalent of men discussing politics (ladies were not supposed to discuss this in mixed company)

  • A teaspoon was placed upright in your cup to show you did not want any more tea

  • In the 18th century  a hot beverage  was poured into a saucer to help it lose heat. The saucers were deep,
       more like a small bowl, while the earliest tea cups were much like Chinese teacups and frequently did not have handles.

  • MIF = milk in first  - before you pour tea into your cup - became a question (again) of upper vs lower class
      “Rather m.i.f., darling,” she says to convey inferior social station."- Evelyn Waugh, 1955 (British author)

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Ideas for Afternoon/High Tea
Cucumber/Chive cream cheese sandwiches
Egg salad & cress skewers
Club sandwich
Traditional scones
Cheddar & sage scones
Deviled eggs
Banana Muffins/brownies/cakes etcetera

(link to more recipes on next slide)

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

Slide 24 - Link

Your high tea ideas

Slide 25 - Woordweb

Who's doing what:
preparation of high tea (what)
in pairs/individually (who)

Slide 26 - Woordweb

Savoury snacks are:
spicy or salty
cheap (saving you money)

Slide 27 - Quizvraag

Cream tea is:
the same as high tea
tea with extra cream
Tea with scones & jam & clotted cream
Devonshire tea

Slide 28 - Quizvraag

The Devon way to eat your scone is
Jam first, cream on top
Split your scone in two
No tea with scone
Cream first, jam on top

Slide 29 - Quizvraag

The perfect way to drink your tea is
To dunk a biscuit in it
To fill your cup with milk first (MIF)
To go for coffee afterwards
To have a cup of tea & enjoy a scone with it.

Slide 30 - Quizvraag

Afternoon tea is the term used in
Great Britain
The Netherlands

Slide 31 - Quizvraag