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CH1 sec. 1.5 Scientific revolution

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CH1. The age of regents and rulers
The Golden Age
sec. 1.5 Scientific Revolution
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 19 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.

time-iconLesduur is: 50 min

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Bricks hm 2 TTO
CH1. The age of regents and rulers
The Golden Age
sec. 1.5 Scientific Revolution

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Learning objectives
1) I can explain how a new view of science emerged in the 16th century.
2) I can name two research methods that caused the scientific revolution.
3) I can describe the new (revolutionary) way of scientific thinking, using an example.
Terms and dates

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Slide 3 - Video

Scientific Revolution

Antiquity > Natural philosophy ancient Greeks. Geocentrism (sun revolves around earth)

Middle Ages > Bible and Christianity increasingly important. According to the Bible the Earth was the creation of God and the center of the universe.

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Scientific Revolution
16th century > New perspective on science during the Renaissance. Scholars ...
  • doubted whether some of the knowledge from old books was correct (humanism). 
  • learned because of the voyages of discovery about unknown animals, plants and peoples. 
  • would examine nature and the human body themselves. 


Between 1600 and 1700 many scientific discoveries > Scientific Revolution.

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Scientific Revolution
Two ways of doing research:


Rationalism: Research based on reasoning and logic.

Empirical thinking: Research based on observation and experiments.


Results of research led to knowledge about laws of nature (= how the world works).

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Scientific Revolution
Galileo
Built a telescope. Found scientific evidence that the Earth revolves around the sun, heliocentrism.


Newton
Combined rationalism and empirical thinking. Discovered that the Earth pulls objects down with the force of gravity.

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

When did a new view of science emerge?
A
15th century
B
16th century
C
17th century
D
18th century

Slide 8 - Quizvraag

What wasn't a cause for the new view on science?

A
Examining nature and the human body
B
Voyages of discovery
C
Using the Bible as a source for scientific knowledge
D
Doubting whether some of the knowledge from old books was correct

Slide 9 - Quizvraag

Which two ways of doing research led to the Scientific Revolution?
A
empirical thinking and the Renaissance
B
empirical thinking and rationalism
C
positivism and the Renaissance
D
positivism and rationalism

Slide 10 - Quizvraag

Scientific Revolution
Many scholars lived in the Republic in the 17th century. Science flourished.

  • 1575 University of Leiden founded.
  • No censorship, scientists were free to publish theories and ideas. New insights spread quickly.
  • Many foreign scholars moved to the Republic.

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Scientific Revolution
Huygens 
Discovered that light consists of waves. Invented the pendulum clock. Designed a telescope and discovered, for example, a moon near the planet Saturn. Famous mathematician.

Van Leeuwenhoek 
Discovered microorganisms, such as sperm cells and bacteria, using a homemade microscope.

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Scientific Revolution
Spinoza
Critical of Christianity/ religion, for example stories about miracles in the Bible.
Miracles impossible, because for everything there should be a logical cause in nature.


Spinoza's ideas were unusual. Most scholars felt that their discoveries were evidence of God existed.

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

What wasn't a cause of science flourishing in the Republic?
A
censorship
B
arrival of foreign scholars
C
University of Leiden founded
D
tolerance

Slide 14 - Quizvraag

Wie ontdekte dat de aarde om de zon draait en niet andersom?
A
Galileo
B
Huygens
C
Newton
D
Van Leeuwenhoek

Slide 15 - Quizvraag

Who discovered microorganisms using a homemade microscope?
A
Galileo
B
Huygens
C
Newton
D
Van Leeuwenhoek

Slide 16 - Quizvraag

Most scholars in the Republic didn't believe in God anymore.
A
true
B
false

Slide 17 - Quizvraag

Learning objectives
1) I can explain how a new view of science emerged in the 16th century.
2) I can name two research methods that caused the scientific revolution.
3) I can describe the new (revolutionary) way of scientific thinking, using an example.

Terms and dates

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

Get to work
What? See whiteboard.
How? Alone 
Help? Ask neighbour. Can't figure it out? Ask teacher. 
Time? Until the end of the lesson. 
Done? Learn terms and dates. Ask teacher. 

Slide 19 - Tekstslide