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Grammar - The verb 'to be'

The Present Simple
Grammar
The verb - to be

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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsvwoLeerjaar 1

In deze les zitten 25 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.

time-iconLesduur is: 50 min

Onderdelen in deze les

The Present Simple
Grammar
The verb - to be

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
To be
In the present tense, the verb 'to be' (zijn) is used in the following patterns: 
1. with a noun:
Donald Trump is the president of the US.
Miss de Groot and Mrs Corrigan are English teachers.
2. with an adjective:
This soup is very tasty.
The children are good.


Slide 3 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
The verb to be can be used in a shortened form?
This is used when we speak in English and nowadays, it is also common to see it in written English (although not in formal letters and texts). 
It is difficult.                   or           It's difficult.
She is on holiday.         or          She's on holiday.
He is a hard worker.     or           He's a hard worker.
I am tired.                       or           I'm tired.
We are students.          or           We're students.  *
They are funny.             or          They're funny.
You are my friend.       or           You're my friend.  *







Slide 4 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
Be careful with some of the shortened forms: 

You're =  You are 
Your    =  That something belongs to you


We're    =   We are
Were     =   past tense of are
Where  =   what place (Where are you?)

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Now you practice with the drag and drop exercise

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

1. I am studying English.
2. He are walking the dog.
3. We is in the classroom.
4. She is good at football.
5. They are my parents.
Correct
Incorrect
(not correct)
1
2
3
4
5

Slide 7 - Sleepvraag

The Present Simple
Write five sentences using the verb to be 

Can you use the shortened form as well? 

Show them to your partner.

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Great work!

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Timmy
in C1X.
They 
never on time.
That dog  
very fast.
always early for school.
Those boys
very noisy.
are
is
am

Slide 10 - Sleepvraag

The Present Simple
Questions

How do we make a question with the verb 'to be' ?
If the first verb in the sentence is am, is, or are, you switch it with the subject.

She is very beautiful.  becomes  Is she very beautiful?

'Is' switched places with the subject. 


Slide 11 - Tekstslide

She is my best friend.
she 
my best friend?
Make a sentence in the Present simple, sometimes you will only need to use ONE of the boxes in the "drag and drop exercise.
Do
Does
Is
Be
Am
Are
Did

Slide 12 - Sleepvraag

They are at the club every Tuesday evening.
they
at the club every Tuesday evening?
Do
Does
Is
Be
Am
Are
Did

Slide 13 - Sleepvraag

You are doing great!

Take a moment to relax with this short minions clip!

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Slide 15 - Video

The Present Simple
Negations

Negations or negative means that something is 'not'.  
If the first verb in the sentence is am, is or are, you can just add not. 

I am an English teacher. 
Becomes 
I am not an English teacher.


Slide 16 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
Negations
For the next exercise, turn the normal sentences using to be, into negative sentences. Pay attention to capital letters, and full stops, and the shortened form!
 Use short forms!  There are two ways of doing this: 
I am                     = I'm not  
You are not        = You're not   /    You aren't     
she is not           = she's not     /    she  isn't       
They are not     = They're not   /     They aren't
We are not        =   We're not     /      We aren't


Slide 17 - Tekstslide

I am a very happy person.
(re-write this as a negation using the short form)

Slide 18 - Open vraag

He is almost deaf.

(re-write this as a negation using the short form)

Slide 19 - Open vraag

They are at the pool every week.
(re-write this as a negation using the short form)

Slide 20 - Open vraag

We are at school on Saturday.
(use the shortened form)

Slide 21 - Open vraag

Congratulations! 
You have finished this lesson.


Slide 22 - Tekstslide

What have you learnt in this lesson?

Slide 23 - Open vraag

What have you found difficult in this lesson?

Slide 24 - Open vraag

The Present Simple
The verb 'to be'

Slide 25 - Tekstslide